ASTM E2523 - 13

    Standard Terminology for Metalworking Fluids and Operations

    Active Standard ASTM E2523 | Developed by Subcommittee: E34.50

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.03


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    Significance and Use

    3.1 Personnel from a wide range of disciplines contribute to metalworking fluid management and plant environment health and safety management. Consequently, terms familiar to some stakeholders will be unfamiliar to others.

    3.2 This terminology standard provides, in a single document, a compilation of definitions used by personnel involved with both metalworking environment health and safety and fluid management.

    3.3 Use of terms as defined in this terminology standard will enable all stakeholders to use metalworking industry terms in the appropriate context, thereby improving interdisciplinary communications.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This terminology standard provides a compilation of ASTM and non-ASTM consensus definitions of terms used in the metalworking industry.

    1.2 This terminology standard does not purport to be an exhaustive lexicon. Rather it defines terms relevant to metalworking fluid management and metalworking fluid health and safety.

    1.3 This terminology standard defines primary metalworking operations, fluid types and other terms germane to the practice of metalworking fluid management.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1356 Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres

    D2881 Classification for Metalworking Fluids and Related Materials

    D6161 Terminology Used for Microfiltration, Ultrafiltration, Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis Membrane Processes

    D7049 Test Method for Metal Removal Fluid Aerosol in Workplace Atmospheres

    E1302 Guide for Acute Animal Toxicity Testing of Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluids

    E1497 Practice for Selection and Safe Use of Water-Miscible and Straight Oil Metal Removal Fluids

    E1687 Test Method for Determining Carcinogenic Potential of Virgin Base Oils in Metalworking Fluids

    E1972 Practice for Minimizing Effects of Aerosols in the Wet Metal Removal Environment

    E2144 Practice for Personal Sampling and Analysis of Endotoxin in Metalworking Fluid Aerosols in Workplace Atmospheres

    E2148 Guide for Using Documents Related to Metalworking or Metal Removal Fluid Health and Safety

    E2169 Practice for Selecting Antimicrobial Pesticides for Use in Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluids

    E2275 Practice for Evaluating Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluid Bioresistance and Antimicrobial Pesticide Performance

    E2563 Test Method for Enumeration of Non-Tuberculosis Mycobacteria in Aqueous Metalworking Fluids by Plate Count Method

    E2564 Test Method for Enumeration of Mycobacteria in Metalworking Fluids by Direct Microscopic Counting (DMC) Method

    E2657 Test Method for Determination of Endotoxin Concentrations in Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluids

    E2693 Practice for Prevention of Dermatitis in the Wet Metal Removal Fluid Environment

    E2694 Test Method for Measurement of Adenosine Triphosphate in Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluids

    Government Standards

    29CFR1910.1200 Occupational Safety and Health Standards, Hazard Communication

    40CFR156 Labeling Requirements for Pesticides and Devices


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 01.040.75 (Petroleum and related technologies (Vocabularies)); 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 93141808(Occupational health or safety services)


    DOI: 10.1520/E2523-13

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