ASTM E2488 - 09

    Standard Guide for the Preparation and Evaluation of Liquid Baths Used for Temperature Calibration by Comparison

    Active Standard ASTM E2488 | Developed by Subcommittee: E20.07

    Book of Standards Volume: 14.03


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    ASTM E2488

    Significance and Use

    The design of a controlled temperature bath will determine what thermometers can be calibrated and to what extent an isothermal condition is achieved. The lack of thermal stability and uniformity of the bath are sources of error that contribute to the overall calibration uncertainty.

    This guide describes a procedure for determining the effective working space for a controlled temperature fluid bath.

    This guide describes a procedure for determining the thermal stability within a controlled temperature fluid bath. Overall thermal stability is composed of the bath performance as specified by the manufacturer of the bath equipment and as a component of calibration uncertainty.

    This guide describes a procedure for determining the temperature uniformity of the working space of the controlled temperature fluid bath.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide is intended for use with controlled temperature comparison baths that contain test fluids and operate within the temperature range of -100 °C to 550 °C.

    1.2 This guide describes the essential features of controlled temperature fluid baths used for the purpose of thermometer calibration by the comparison method.

    1.3 This guide does not address the details on the design and construction of controlled-temperature fluid baths.

    1.4 This guide describes a method to define the working space of a bath and evaluate the temperature variations within this space. Ideally, the working space will be as close as possible to isothermal.

    1.5 This guide does not address fixed point baths, ice point baths or vapor baths.

    1.6 This guide does not address fluidized powder baths.

    1.7 This guide does not address baths that are programmed to change temperature.

    1.8 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.9 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers

    E344 Terminology Relating to Thermometry and Hydrometry

    E644 Test Methods for Testing Industrial Resistance Thermometers

    E839 Test Methods for Sheathed Thermocouples and Sheathed Thermocouple Cable

    Other Documents

    NISTSP250-23 Liquid-in-Glass Thermometer Calibration Service


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 17.200.20 (Temperature-measuring instruments)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/E2488-09

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