ASTM E2436 - 05(2010)

    Standard Specification for the Representation of Human Characteristics Data in Healthcare Information Systems

    Active Standard ASTM E2436 | Developed by Subcommittee: E31.25

    Book of Standards Volume: 14.01


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    ASTM E2436

    Abstract

    This specification presents the standardized representation for the content and structure of human characteristics data for use in healthcare information systems, and may be extended to apply to characteristics of non-human living things, such as in data systems supporting veterinary medicine. This specification covers the logical representation of human characteristics data for individuals and populations, and the physical representation of human characteristics at the data tier of healthcare information systems. Conversely, the following provisions are outside the scope of this specification: the standardization of policy or regulation concerning the employment of human characteristics data described in this specification; the establishment or standardization of legal constraints over the use of human characteristics in conjunction with healthcare clinical or business processes; and addressing or standardizing personal privacy, medicolegal, and system security provisions associated with documenting human characteristics or storing human characteristics data.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    Significance and Use

    This specification promotes the interoperability of health information systems through enabling a single uniform representation of human characteristics at the data layer of healthcare information systems architecture (See Fig. 1).

    It presents a data structure that allows the recording, storage, editing, and retrieval of human characteristics independent of technology and the language, nationality, or culture of persons or organizations involved in healthcare processes.

    The intended use of this specification is to promote interoperability at the physical data tier in healthcare information systems, and to enhance the design and development of data subsystems that contain human characteristics data for individuals and populations.

    The data structures in this specification can be readily transformed into presentation layer structuresfor example, into XML for presentation in the ASTM Continuity of Care Record or the HL7 standard Clinical Document Architecture, or into standard HL7 2.x messages.

    Clinical uses of this data structure include the classification and storage of human characteristics for individuals and populationsfor example, for use in clinical decision support and epidemiology to compare the individual to populations consistent with best clinical and scientific practices.

    This specification may be extended for use in veterinary medicine as described in Appendix X1. This extension includes a genus/taxonomy reference and associative entities/tables as cited in ANSI/ADA Specification 1000. This allows the characterization of individual non-human living things, and the inclusion of those of different species into mixed herds.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This document presents a standardized representation for the content and structure of human characteristics data for use in healthcare information systems.

    1.2 This specification may be extended to apply to characteristics of non-human living things, such as in data systems supporting veterinary medicine.

    1.3 The following provisions are within the scope of this specification:

    1.3.1 Logical representation of human characteristics data for individuals and populations.

    1.3.2 Physical representation of human characteristics at the data tier of healthcare information systems.

    1.4 The following provisions are outside the scope of this specification:

    1.4.1 The standardization of policy or regulation concerning the employment of human characteristics data described in this specification.

    1.4.2 The establishment or standardization of legal constraints over the use of human characteristics in conjunction with healthcare clinical or business processes.

    1.4.3 Addressing or standardizing personal privacy, medicolegal, and system security provisions associated with documenting human characteristics or storing human characteristics data.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E1384 Practice for Content and Structure of the Electronic Health Record (EHR)

    E1633 Specification for Coded Values Used in the Electronic Health Record

    E2145 Practice for Information Modeling


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 35.240.80 (IT applications in health care technology)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 85000000(Healthcare Services)


    DOI: 10.1520/E2436-05R10

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