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    ASTM E242 - 15

    Standard Reference Radiographs for Appearances of Radiographic Images as Certain Parameters are Changed

    Active Standard ASTM E242 | Developed by Subcommittee: E07.02

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.03

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    Significance and Use

    4.1 A key consideration with any radiographic system is its contrast resolution and spatial resolution capability (that is, sensitivity). The degree of obtainable sensitivity with a given system is dependent upon several radiographic parameters such as source energy level, film system class, type and thickness of intensifying screens, and material thickness radiographed. These reference radiographs permit the user to estimate the degree of sensitivity change that may be obtained when these parameters are varied from a specific technique. This standard may also be used in conjunction with Test Method E1815 or with Practice E746 or Test Method E1735 to provide a basis for developing data for evaluation of a user's specific system. This data may assist a user in determining appropriate parameters for obtaining desired degrees of radiographic system sensitivity.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This document describes the appearance of a radiographic image where fundamental components of image quality are changed, that is, variables such as whether an X-ray or gamma ray source was used, the characteristics of the radiographic film (gradient, granularity, and developing conditions) and intensifying screens, and specimen thickness (the geometrical configuration of the radiographic set-up and focal spot size both affect image quality but are not considered in the reference radiographs).

    1.2 The X-ray film systems used in obtaining the illustrative data were as follows: Very Fine Grain (comparable to class I of Test Method E1815) and Fine Grain (comparable to class II of Test Method E1815).

    1.3 These reference radiographs2 consist of four composite illustrations3 and show how such factors as radiation energy, specimen thickness, and film properties affect the radiographic image. The reference radiograph films are an adjunct to this document and must be purchased separately from ASTM if needed.

    1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E94 Guide for Radiographic Examination

    E746 Practice for Determining Relative Image Quality Response of Industrial Radiographic Imaging Systems

    E1316 Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    E1815 Test Method for Classification of Film Systems for Industrial Radiography

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 19.100 (Non-destructive testing)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code

    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/E0242-15

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM E242-15, Standard Reference Radiographs for Appearances of Radiographic Images as Certain Parameters are Changed, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015,

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