ASTM E2396 - 11

    Standard Test Method for Saturated Water Permeability of Granular Drainage Media [Falling-Head Method] for Vegetative (Green) Roof Systems

    Active Standard ASTM E2396 | Developed by Subcommittee: D08.24

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.12


      Format Pages Price  
    PDF 3 $38.00   ADD TO CART
    Hardcopy (shipping and handling) 3 $38.00   ADD TO CART
    Standard + Redline PDF Bundle 6 $45.60   ADD TO CART


    Significance and Use

    This test method addresses performance characteristics for vegetative (green) roof systems with respect to the water permeability of the drainage media.

    Water permeability of coarse materials is highly influenced by the head conditions under which it is measured. In vegetative (green) roofs, coarse materials are frequently used to create drainage zones for percolated rainfall.

    This test method is intended to provide water permeability data that is relevant to this design condition that is characterized by horizontal flow under low-head. This will also allow the performance of granular drainage layers in vegetative (green) roof systems to be compared directly to alternative components, such as geocomposite drain layers.

    Determining the performance characteristics of vegetative (green) roof systems provides information to facilitate the assessment of related engineering aspects of the facility. Such aspects may include structural design requirements, mechanical engineering and thermal design requirements, and fire and life safety requirements.

    Determining the performance characteristics of vegetative (green) roof systems provides information to facilitate assessment of the performance of one vegetative (green) roof system relative to another.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers a procedure for determining the water permeability of coarse granular materials used in the drainage layers of vegetative (green) roof systems.

    1.2 This test method addresses water permeability under the low-head conditions that typify horizontal flow in vegetative (green) roof applications.

    1.3 This test method is suitable for coarse-grained materials with 100 % of the material retained on the U.S. #8 (2.25 mm) sieve. It is not suitable for finer-grained materials.

    1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C29/C29M Test Method for Bulk Density (Unit Weight) and Voids in Aggregate

    C130 Specification for Lightweight Aggregates for Concrete

    E631 Terminology of Building Constructions

    E2114 Terminology for Sustainability Relative to the Performance of Buildings


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 65.020.20 (Plant growing); 91.060.20 (Roofs)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 25174100(Roof systems)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/E2396-11

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM E2396-11, Standard Test Method for Saturated Water Permeability of Granular Drainage Media [Falling-Head Method] for Vegetative (Green) Roof Systems, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.org

    Back to Top