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1.1 These test methods cover procedures to be followed in testing the performance of glazing in permanent railing systems, guards and balustrades including components such as rails and swing gates or other forms of required guardrail opening protection installed in and for assembly, commercial, educational, industrial, institutional, stadiums, recreational, and residential buildings and other structures such as towers or elevated platforms.
1.2 These test methods are applicable to such railing, guard, and balustrade systems having glass or other glazing materials as the major structural component or the infill panel including swing gates and other forms of guardrail protection.
1.3 These test methods can be used to determine whether permanent rails, guards and balustrades including components, having glass or other glazing material comply with requirements of performance specifications, codes, norms, and standards.
1.4 Specifically, these test methods cover procedures for determining the static strength, impact performance, and post-breakage characteristics of railing systems, guards, and balustrades, including a component with glass or other glazing material installed in one, two, three and four-side support systems fastened to concrete, masonry, wood, metal, and related products.
1.5 No consideration is given in these test methods to any possible deterioration of the railing, guard, or balustrade system or their connections and fasteners as resulting from adverse environmental or in-service conditions. The performance of special tests covering this aspect may be desirable.
1.6 These test methods are limited to the application of loads and impact resistance described herein. Whenever uniformly distributed loads are to be resisted by a railing system, guard, or balustrade in accordance with governing specifications, codes, norms, and standards, the effects of such loads on the member stresses shall be determined by calculation and the corresponding concentrated and linear loads shall be tested. Should computations make it possible to provide the needed information, testing can be employed for verification.
1.7 These test methods address the capability of glass or other glazing material supported by rails, guards, or balustrades, or both, in one, two, three, and four-sided support systems to continue in their function as a barrier by remaining in the designed framing system after impact or glazing breakage. These test methods do not address structural limitation of glazed or glass rails, guards, and balustrades or vehicular guards except when in the area of a pedestrian walkway.
1.8 All values are stated in SI units and are to be regarded as standard. Values given in parentheses are for information only. Certain values contained in reference documents cited and quoted herein may be stated in inch-pound units and must be converted by the user.
1.9 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E329 Specification for Agencies Engaged in Construction Inspection, Testing, or Special Inspection
E631 Terminology of Building Constructions
E699 Practice for Evaluation of Agencies Involved in Testing, Quality Assurance, and Evaluating of Building Components
E935 Test Methods for Performance of Permanent Metal Railing Systems and Rails for Buildings
E1481 Terminology of Railing Systems and Rails for Buildings
E2025 Test Method for Evaluating Fenestration Components and Assemblies for Resistance to Impact Energies
E2358 Specification for the Performance of Glass in Permanent Glass Railing Systems, Guards, and Balustrades
Other Standards16 CFR Part 1201 CPSC Safety Standard for Architectural Glazing Materials ANSI Z97.1 Standard Glazing Materials Used in Buildings
ICS Number Code 81.040.20 (Glass in building)
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ASTM E2353-16, Standard Test Methods for Performance of Glazing in Permanent Railing Systems, Guards, and Balustrades, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.orgBack to Top