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Significance and Use
This standard guide is designed to help the owners and regulators of a specific environmental problem to identify and integrate affected stakeholders and establish a process to identify and work through all the key questions and answers essential to a mutually acceptable decision. This standard guide presents a “framework” that is intended to help ensure that all the CBED process components (that is, human health, ecological condition, socio-cultural values and economic well-being) are considered, but is designed to allow the user to interpret which components of the process are applicable and how these components are defined for the specific environmental problem being addressed. It also provides general guidance to help with selecting approaches and methods for specific analyses of each of the major CBED components (that is, human health, ecological condition, socio-cultural values, and economic well-being). The CBED process can be easily coupled with other relevant standards (for example Guides E1739, E1984, and E2205) and environmental compliance guidance and requirements, for example, Quality of Stakeholder-Based Decisions and Understanding Risk, CRF40 and CFR10.
The CBED process is appropriate in two contexts: (1) when a specific project is proposed; and (2) when there are or may be public concerns about specific health, environmental, cultural, social or economic issues.
Involving affected stakeholders actively in the decision-making process reorients that process from one dominated by regulators and owners to one that includes those who live with the consequences of the decision. This not only increases the successful implementation of decisions, but also can promote greater trust in government, industry and other institutions (P/CCRARM, 1997a).
1.1 This guide presents a framework for a stakeholder-focused Consensus-based Environmental Decision-making (CBED) process, which is a stakeholder-empowered, process to prioritize and select actions to be initiated with the goal of optimizing many types of environmental decisions that may affect a community or communities.
1.2 This guide is intended to describe a highly flexible CBED process, and therefore does not recommend a specific course of action for this activity.
1.3 This guide is intended to assist in implementing a CBED process, which allows assessing the full impact of any project- or issue-related decisions related to human health, ecological, socio-cultural or economic impacts.
1.4 This guide is not intended to replace existing environmental decision-making or public participation processes. It may be used with other processes or standards that address stakeholder involvement in environmental decision-making.
1.5 Limitations—This standard does not address the specific methods for generating or evaluating technical data related to assessing a particular environmental issues. The user should seek other sources on methods to gather information for completion of models or other analyses that may be used during a CBED process.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E1739 Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action Applied at Petroleum Release Sites
E1984 Guide for Brownfields Redevelopment
E2205 Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action for Protection of Ecological Resources
Other Documents10CFR Part 20, NEPA and Agency Planning; "Standards for Protection Against Radiation," Subpart E, "Radiological Criteria for License Termination. 40CFR, Part 1501-1506, The Quality of Stakeholder-Based Decisions: Lessons from the Case Study Record, Resources for the Future Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, DODSSP, Bldg. 4, Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5098. P/CCRARM(ThePresiden Framework for Environmental Health Risk Management. Final Report. Volume I. Available at http://www.riskworld.com/Nreports/nr7me001.htm. P/CCRARM(ThePresiden Risk Assessment and Risk Management in Regulatory Decision-Making. Volume II. Available at http://www.riskworld.com/Nreports/nr7me001.htm
ICS Number Code 13.020.20 (Environmental economics)
UNSPSC Code 77101501(Risk or hazard assessment)