ASTM E2320 - 04(2012)

    Standard Classification for Serviceability of an Office Facility for Thermal Environment and Indoor Air Conditions

    Active Standard ASTM E2320 | Developed by Subcommittee: E06.25

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.12


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    Significance and Use

    Each Occupant Requirement Scale (see Figs. 1-5) in this classification provides a means to set the required level of serviceability of a building or facility for one topic of serviceability and to compare that level against any level of any other occupant, or of any building or facility.

    Each Facility Rating Scale (see Figs. 1-5) in this classification provides a means to estimate the level of serviceability of a building or facility for one topic of serviceability and to compare that level against any level of requirement of any occupant, or of any other building or facility.

    This classification can be used for comparing how well different buildings or facilities meet a particular requirement for serviceability. It is applicable despite differences such as location, structure, mechanical systems, age, and building shape.

    This classification can be used to estimate the amount of variance of serviceability from target or from requirement, for a single office facility, or within a group of office facilities.

    This classification can be used to estimate the following:

    Serviceability of an existing facility for uses other than its present use.

    Serviceability (potential) of a facility that has been planned but not yet built.

    Serviceability (potential) of a facility for which remodeling has been planned.

    Use of this classification does not result in building evaluation or diagnosis. Building evaluation or diagnosis generally requires a special expertise in building engineering or technology, and the use of instruments, tools, or measurements.

    This classification applies only to facilities that are building constructions, or part thereof. (While classification may be useful in rating the serviceability of facilities that are not building constructions, such facilities are outside the scope of this classification. See discussion under definition 3.1.1.)

    This classification is not intended for, and is not suitable for, use for regulatory purposes nor for fire hazard assessment nor for fire risk assessment.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This classification contains pairs of scales for classifying an aspect of the serviceability of an office facility, that is, the capability of an office facility to meet certain possible requirements for suitable thermal environment and indoor air conditions.

    1.2 Within this aspect of serviceability, each pair of scales, shown in Figs. 1-5 , is for classifying one topic of serviceability. Each paragraph in an Occupant Requirement Scale (see Figs. 1-5) summarizes one level of requirement for serviceability on that topic, which occupants might require. The matching paragraph in the Facility Rating Scale (see Figs. 1-5) is a translation of the requirement into a description of certain features of a facility which, taken in combination, indicate that the facility is likely to meet that level of required serviceability.

    1.3 The paragraphs in the Facility Rating Scale (see Figs. 1-5) are indicative and not comprehensive. They are for quick scanning to estimate approximately, quickly, and economically how well a facility is likely to meet the needs of one or another type of occupant group over time. The paragraphs are not for measuring, knowing, or evaluating how an office facility is performing.

    1.4 This classification can be used to estimate the level of serviceability of an existing facility. It can also be used to estimate the serviceability of a facility that has been planned but not yet built, such as one for which schematic or preliminary drawings and outline specifications have been prepared.

    1.5 This standard indicates what would cause a facility to be rated (classified) at a certain level of serviceability but does not state how to conduct a serviceability rating or how to assign a serviceability score. That information is found in Practice E1334. The scales in this classification are complimentary to and compatible with Practice E1334. Each requires the other.

    1.6 This standard indicates what would cause a requirement to be classified as being at a specific level, but does not state how to ascertain a requirement, or how to assign a specific level. This information is found in Practice E1679. The scales in this classification are complimentary to and compatible with Practice E1679. Each requires the other.

    1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.


    FIG. 1 Scale A.4.1 for Temperature and Humidity


    FIG. 1Scale A.4.1 for Temperature and Humidity (continued)


    FIG. 1Scale A.4.1 for Temperature and Humidity (continued)


    FIG. 2 Scale A.4.2 for Indoor Air Quality Conditions


    FIG. 2Scale A.4.2 for Indoor Air Quality Conditions (continued)


    FIG. 3 Scale A.4.3 for Ventilation (Air Supply)


    FIG. 3Scale A.4.3 for Ventilation (Air Supply) (continued)


    FIG. 3Scale A.4.3 for Ventilation (Air Supply) (continued)


    FIG. 4 Scale A.4.4 for Local Adjustments by Occupants


    FIG. 4Scale A.4.4 for Local Adjustments by Occupants (continued)


    FIG. 5 Scale A.4.5 for Ventilation with Openable Windows


    FIG. 5Scale A.4.5 for Ventilation with Openable Windows (continued)


    FIG. 5Scale A.4.5 for Ventilation with Openable Windows (continued)


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E631 Terminology of Building Constructions

    E1334 Practice for Rating the Serviceability of a Building or Building-Related Facility

    E1480 Terminology of Facility Management (Building-Related)

    E1679 Practice for Setting the Requirements for the Serviceability of a Building or Building-Related Facility

    ASHRAE Standards

    ANSI/ASHRAE62-2001 Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.140.30 (Ventilation and air-conditioning systems)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 77121501(Air quality management)


    DOI: 10.1520/E2320-04R12

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