Significance and Use
4.1 This guide is one of a set of guides and practices that provide recommendations for properly implementing dosimetry in radiation processing. In order to understand and effectively use this and other dosimetry standards, consider first “Practice for Dosimetry in Radiation Processing,” ASTM Practice E2628, which describes the basic requirements that apply when making absorbed dose measurements in accordance with the ASTM E10.01 series of dosimetry standards. In addition, ASTM Practice E2628 provides guidance on the selection of dosimetry systems and directs the user to other standards that provide information on individual dosimetry systems, calibration methods, uncertainty estimation and radiation processing applications.
4.2 Radiation processing is carried out under fixed path conditions where (a) a process load is automatically moved through the radiation field by mechanical means or (b) a process load is irradiated statically by manually placing product at predetermined positions before the process is started. In both cases the process is controlled in such a manner that the process load position(s) and orientation(s) are reproducible within specified limits.
—Static irradiation encompasses irradiation of the process load using either manual rotation, no rotation or automated rotation.
4.3 Some radiation processing facilities that utilize a fixed conveyor path for routine processing may also characterize a region within the radiation field for static radiation processing, sometimes referred to as “Off Carrier” processing.
4.4 Many radiation processing applications require a minimum absorbed dose (to achieve a desired effect or to fulfill a legal requirement), and a maximum absorbed dose (to ensure that the product, material or substance still meets functional specifications or to fulfill a legal requirement).
4.5 Information from the dose mapping is used to:
4.5.1 Characterize the radiation process and assess the reproducibility of absorbed-dose values, which may be used as part of operational qualification and performance qualification.
4.5.2 Determine the spatial distribution of absorbed doses and the zone(s) of maximum and minimum absorbed doses throughout a process load, which may consist of an actual or simulated product.
4.5.3 Establish the relationship between the dose at a routine monitoring position and the dose within the minimum and maximum dose zones established for a process load.
4.5.4 Verify mathematical dose calculation methods. See ASTM Guide E2232.
4.5.5 Determine the effect of process interruptions on the distribution of absorbed dose and the magnitude of the minimum and maximum doses.
4.5.6 Assess the impact on the distribution of absorbed dose and the magnitude of the minimum and maximum doses resulting from the transition from one process load to another where changes, for example, in product density or product loading pattern may occur.
1.1 This document provides guidance in determining absorbed-dose distributions (mapping) in products, materials or substances irradiated in gamma, X-ray (bremsstrahlung) and electron beam facilities.
—For irradiation of food and the radiation sterilization of health care products, specific ISO and ISO/ASTM standards containing dose mapping requirements exist. See ISO/ASTM Practices 51431, 51608, 51649, 51702 and 51818 and ISO 11137-1. Regarding the radiation sterilization of health care products, in those areas covered by ISO 11137-1, that standard takes precedence.
1.2 This guide is one of a set of standards that provides recommendations for properly implementing dosimetry in radiation processing. it is intended to be read in conjunction with ASTM Practice E2628.
1.3 Methods of analyzing the dose map data are described. Examples are provided of statistical methods that may be used to analyze dose map data.
1.4 Dose mapping for bulk flow processing and fluid streams is not discussed.
1.5 Dosimetry is an element of a total quality management system for an irradiation facility. Other controls besides dosimetry may be required for specific applications such as medical device sterilization and food preservation.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E170 Terminology Relating to Radiation Measurements and Dosimetry
E178 Practice for Dealing With Outlying Observations
E2232 Guide for Selection and Use of Mathematical Methods for Calculating Absorbed Dose in Radiation Processing Applications
E2628 Practice for Dosimetry in Radiation Processing
absorbed dose; bremsstrahlung; dose distribution; dose mapping; dose zone; dosimetry; electron beam; gamma rays; irradiator characterization; maximum dose; minimum dose; operational qualification; performance qualification; radiation processing; routine process monitoring; sterilization; uncertainty; X-rays;
ICS Number Code 13.280 (Radiation protection)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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