Significance and Use
This guide may be used by public agencies to set standards affecting the weather resistance, durability, and performance of new building wall systems, exterior deck and stair components, doors, windows, penetrations and sealant joints beyond those specifically defined in the building codes.
This guide may be used by building field inspectors as a resource for construction inspection during the construction phase of a project.
This guide may be used by private organizations or individuals to set standards affecting the weather resistance, durability, and performance of building walls.
This guide may be used by architects and engineers as a resource for making design decisions involving material selection, building wall detailing and specifications.
This guide may be used by architects and engineers as a resource for conducting submittal review and construction observation during the construction administration phase of a project.
This guide may be used by contractors as a resource and checklist for exercising field quality control.
1.1 This guide describes design, specification, selection, installation, and inspection of new building wall systems, exterior deck and stair components, doors, windows, penetrations and sealant joints of wood and metal frame buildings, typically four stories or less, to minimize water intrusion.
1.2 This guide does not address prevention of damage caused by water originating from the use of wet building materials or from indoor or outdoor humidity. Water from these sources can be important, and the potential for damage caused by water from these sources must not be overlooked in building design or construction.
1.3 This guide does not address roofing systems, except when the surface of a deck also serves as a roof and at locations where roof systems interface with building walls.
1.4 This guide does not address any type of barrier wall system.
1.5 This guide does not address any exterior insulation and finish system (EIFS).
1.6 This guide does not address foundation conditions where the bottom of a slab on grade or the grade of a crawl space is at or below the water table or subject to hydrostatic pressure.
1.7 This guide is intended to supplement and not duplicate building code requirements.
1.8 Maintenance, although important, is not covered in detail.
1.9 Application of finishes, such as paint and sealers, may be important in the performance of some types of cladding; however, this is not covered in detail.
1.10 This guide applies only to constructions with sheathing, which facilitates installation of the weather-resistive barrier and associated flashings in a common plane.
1.11 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to inch-pound units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.12 This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.
1.13 Organization of Document:
|Summary of Guide||4|
|Significance and Use||5|
|General Design Principles||6|
| Drainage WallsGeneral||9.1|
| Drainage Wall CladdingPortland Cement Plaster (Stucco)||9.2|
| Drainage Wall CladdingWood and Wood-Derived Products||9.3|
| Drainage Wall CladdingVinyl Siding||9.4|
| Drainage Wall CladdingFiber-Cement Siding||9.5|
|Cavity Drainage Walls||10|
| Cavity Drainage WallsGeneral||10.1|
| Cavity Drainage Wall CladdingMasonry||10.2|
|Wood Framed Decks and Stairs with Exposed Framing|
|Plaza Decks or Stairs with Enclosed Framing and a|
Waterproofing Membrane with Separate Wearing Surfaces
|Plaza Decks or Stairs with Enclosed Framing and a|
Waterproofing Membrane with an Integral Wearing Surface
|Windows, Doors, and Similar Wall Penetrations||14|
|Special Wall Configuration||15|
|Exterior Sealant Joints||16|
|AppendixAdditional Resources||Appendix X1|
|AppendixGeneral Notes for Cement Plaster (Stucco) Details||Appendix X2|
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A153/A153M Specification for Zinc Coating (Hot-Dip) on Iron and Steel Hardware
C11 Terminology Relating to Gypsum and Related Building Materials and Systems
C43 Terminology of Structural Clay Products
C55 Specification for Concrete Building Brick
C62 Specification for Building Brick (Solid Masonry Units Made From Clay or Shale)
C67 Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Brick and Structural Clay Tile
C90 Specification for Loadbearing Concrete Masonry Units
C126 Specification for Ceramic Glazed Structural Clay Facing Tile, Facing Brick, and Solid Masonry Units
C150 Specification for Portland Cement
C168 Terminology Relating to Thermal Insulation
C216 Specification for Facing Brick (Solid Masonry Units Made from Clay or Shale)
C270 Specification for Mortar for Unit Masonry
C652 Specification for Hollow Brick (Hollow Masonry Units Made From Clay or Shale)
C717 Terminology of Building Seals and Sealants
C755 Practice for Selection of Water Vapor Retarders for Thermal Insulation
C836 Specification for High Solids Content, Cold Liquid-Applied Elastomeric Waterproofing Membrane for Use with Separate Wearing Course
C896 Terminology Relating to Clay Products
C898 Guide for Use of High Solids Content, Cold Liquid-Applied Elastomeric Waterproofing Membrane with Separate Wearing Course
C920 Specification for Elastomeric Joint Sealants
C926 Specification for Application of Portland Cement-Based Plaster
C957 Specification for High-Solids Content, Cold Liquid-Applied Elastomeric Waterproofing Membrane With Integral Wearing Surface
C981 Guide for Design of Built-Up Bituminous Membrane Waterproofing Systems for Building Decks
C1063 Specification for Installation of Lathing and Furring to Receive Interior and Exterior Portland Cement-Based Plaster
C1088 Specification for Thin Veneer Brick Units Made From Clay or Shale
C1127 Guide for Use of High Solids Content, Cold Liquid-Applied Elastomeric Waterproofing Membrane with an Integral Wearing Surface
C1180 Terminology of Mortar and Grout for Unit Masonry
C1186 Specification for Flat Fiber-Cement Sheets
C1193 Guide for Use of Joint Sealants
C1209 Terminology of Concrete Masonry Units and Related Units
C1232 Terminology of Masonry
C1299 Guide for Use in Selection of Liquid-Applied Sealants
C1400 Guide for Reduction of Efflorescence Potential in New Masonry Walls
C1405 Specification for Glazed Brick (Single Fired, Brick Units)
D226 Specification for Asphalt-Saturated Organic Felt Used in Roofing and Waterproofing
D1079 Terminology Relating to Roofing and Waterproofing
D1970 Specification for Self-Adhering Polymer Modified Bituminous Sheet Materials Used as Steep Roofing Underlayment for Ice Dam Protection
D3679 Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Siding
D4477 Specification for Rigid (Unplasticized) Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Soffit
D4756 Practice for Installation of Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Siding and Soffit
D5843 Guide for Application of Fully Adhered Vulcanized Rubber Sheets Used in Waterproofing
D5898 Guide for Details for Adhered Sheet Waterproofing
D5957 Guide for Flood Testing Horizontal Waterproofing Installations
D6134 Specification for Vulcanized Rubber Sheets Used in Waterproofing Systems
D6135 Practice for Application of Self-Adhering Modified Bituminous Waterproofing
D6622 Guide for Application of Fully Adhered Hot-Applied Reinforced Waterproofing Systems
D6864 Specification for Color and Appearance Retention of Solid Colored Plastic Siding Products
E241 Guide for Limiting Water-Induced Damage to Buildings
E331 Test Method for Water Penetration of Exterior Windows, Skylights, Doors, and Curtain Walls by Uniform Static Air Pressure Difference
E547 Test Method for Water Penetration of Exterior Windows, Skylights, Doors, and Curtain Walls by Cyclic Static Air Pressure Difference
E631 Terminology of Building Constructions
E1105 Test Method for Field Determination of Water Penetration of Installed Exterior Windows, Skylights, Doors, and Curtain Walls, by Uniform or Cyclic Static Air Pressure Difference
E1677 Specification for Air Barrier (AB) Material or System for Low-Rise Framed Building Walls
E1825 Guide for Evaluation of Exterior Building Wall Materials, Products, and Systems
E2112 Practice for Installation of Exterior Windows, Doors and Skylights
F1667 Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
AAMAIM-TM InstallationMasters Training Manual Window Selection Guide
ACI524 Guide to Portland Cement Plastering
ANSI/AAMA/WDMA101/I. Voluntary Performance Specification for Windows, Skylights, and Glass Doors
ProductGuide Performance Rated Sidings
building wall components; cladding; low-rise frame building; maintenance life; service life; water intrusion: Low-rise residential buildings; Water-induced damage;
ICS Number Code 91.120.30 (Waterproofing)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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