ASTM E2266 - 11

    Standard Guide for Design and Construction of Low-Rise Frame Building Wall Systems to Resist Water Intrusion

    Active Standard ASTM E2266 | Developed by Subcommittee: E06.55

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.12


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    Significance and Use

    This guide may be used by public agencies to set standards affecting the weather resistance, durability, and performance of new building wall systems, exterior deck and stair components, doors, windows, penetrations and sealant joints beyond those specifically defined in the building codes.

    This guide may be used by building field inspectors as a resource for construction inspection during the construction phase of a project.

    This guide may be used by private organizations or individuals to set standards affecting the weather resistance, durability, and performance of building walls.

    This guide may be used by architects and engineers as a resource for making design decisions involving material selection, building wall detailing and specifications.

    This guide may be used by architects and engineers as a resource for conducting submittal review and construction observation during the construction administration phase of a project.

    This guide may be used by contractors as a resource and checklist for exercising field quality control.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide describes design, specification, selection, installation, and inspection of new building wall systems, exterior deck and stair components, doors, windows, penetrations and sealant joints of wood and metal frame buildings, typically four stories or less, to minimize water intrusion.

    1.2 This guide does not address prevention of damage caused by water originating from the use of wet building materials or from indoor or outdoor humidity. Water from these sources can be important, and the potential for damage caused by water from these sources must not be overlooked in building design or construction.

    1.3 This guide does not address roofing systems, except when the surface of a deck also serves as a roof and at locations where roof systems interface with building walls.

    1.4 This guide does not address any type of barrier wall system.

    1.5 This guide does not address any exterior insulation and finish system (EIFS).

    1.6 This guide does not address foundation conditions where the bottom of a slab on grade or the grade of a crawl space is at or below the water table or subject to hydrostatic pressure.

    1.7 This guide is intended to supplement and not duplicate building code requirements.

    1.8 Maintenance, although important, is not covered in detail.

    1.9 Application of finishes, such as paint and sealers, may be important in the performance of some types of cladding; however, this is not covered in detail.

    1.10 This guide applies only to constructions with sheathing, which facilitates installation of the weather-resistive barrier and associated flashings in a common plane.

    1.11 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to inch-pound units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.12 This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.

    1.13 Organization of Document:

    Section
    Scope1
    Referenced Documents2
    Terminology3
    Summary of Guide4
    Significance and Use5
    General Design Principles6
    Design Practices7
    General Guidelines8
    Drainage Walls9
    Drainage WallsGeneral9.1
    Drainage Wall CladdingPortland Cement Plaster (Stucco)9.2
    Drainage Wall CladdingWood and Wood-Derived Products9.3
    Drainage Wall CladdingVinyl Siding9.4
    Drainage Wall CladdingFiber-Cement Siding9.5
    Cavity Drainage Walls10
    Cavity Drainage WallsGeneral10.1
    Cavity Drainage Wall CladdingMasonry10.2
    Wood Framed Decks and Stairs with Exposed Framing
    and Decking
    11
    Plaza Decks or Stairs with Enclosed Framing and a
    Waterproofing Membrane with Separate Wearing Surfaces
    12
    Plaza Decks or Stairs with Enclosed Framing and a
    Waterproofing Membrane with an Integral Wearing Surface
    13
    Windows, Doors, and Similar Wall Penetrations14
    Special Wall Configuration15
    Exterior Sealant Joints16
    Keywords17
    AppendixAdditional ResourcesAppendix X1
    AppendixGeneral Notes for Cement Plaster (Stucco) DetailsAppendix X2


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A153/A153M Specification for Zinc Coating (Hot-Dip) on Iron and Steel Hardware

    C11 Terminology Relating to Gypsum and Related Building Materials and Systems

    C43 Terminology of Structural Clay Products

    C55 Specification for Concrete Building Brick

    C62 Specification for Building Brick (Solid Masonry Units Made From Clay or Shale)

    C67 Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Brick and Structural Clay Tile

    C90 Specification for Loadbearing Concrete Masonry Units

    C126 Specification for Ceramic Glazed Structural Clay Facing Tile, Facing Brick, and Solid Masonry Units

    C150 Specification for Portland Cement

    C168 Terminology Relating to Thermal Insulation

    C216 Specification for Facing Brick (Solid Masonry Units Made from Clay or Shale)

    C270 Specification for Mortar for Unit Masonry

    C652 Specification for Hollow Brick (Hollow Masonry Units Made From Clay or Shale)

    C717 Terminology of Building Seals and Sealants

    C755 Practice for Selection of Water Vapor Retarders for Thermal Insulation

    C836 Specification for High Solids Content, Cold Liquid-Applied Elastomeric Waterproofing Membrane for Use with Separate Wearing Course

    C896 Terminology Relating to Clay Products

    C898 Guide for Use of High Solids Content, Cold Liquid-Applied Elastomeric Waterproofing Membrane with Separate Wearing Course

    C920 Specification for Elastomeric Joint Sealants

    C926 Specification for Application of Portland Cement-Based Plaster

    C957 Specification for High-Solids Content, Cold Liquid-Applied Elastomeric Waterproofing Membrane With Integral Wearing Surface

    C981 Guide for Design of Built-Up Bituminous Membrane Waterproofing Systems for Building Decks

    C1063 Specification for Installation of Lathing and Furring to Receive Interior and Exterior Portland Cement-Based Plaster

    C1088 Specification for Thin Veneer Brick Units Made From Clay or Shale

    C1127 Guide for Use of High Solids Content, Cold Liquid-Applied Elastomeric Waterproofing Membrane with an Integral Wearing Surface

    C1180 Terminology of Mortar and Grout for Unit Masonry

    C1186 Specification for Flat Fiber-Cement Sheets

    C1193 Guide for Use of Joint Sealants

    C1209 Terminology of Concrete Masonry Units and Related Units

    C1232 Terminology of Masonry

    C1299 Guide for Use in Selection of Liquid-Applied Sealants

    C1400 Guide for Reduction of Efflorescence Potential in New Masonry Walls

    C1405 Specification for Glazed Brick (Single Fired, Brick Units)

    D226 Specification for Asphalt-Saturated Organic Felt Used in Roofing and Waterproofing

    D1079 Terminology Relating to Roofing and Waterproofing

    D1970 Specification for Self-Adhering Polymer Modified Bituminous Sheet Materials Used as Steep Roofing Underlayment for Ice Dam Protection

    D3679 Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Siding

    D4477 Specification for Rigid (Unplasticized) Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Soffit

    D4756 Practice for Installation of Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Siding and Soffit

    D5843 Guide for Application of Fully Adhered Vulcanized Rubber Sheets Used in Waterproofing

    D5898 Guide for Details for Adhered Sheet Waterproofing

    D5957 Guide for Flood Testing Horizontal Waterproofing Installations

    D6134 Specification for Vulcanized Rubber Sheets Used in Waterproofing Systems

    D6135 Practice for Application of Self-Adhering Modified Bituminous Waterproofing

    D6622 Guide for Application of Fully Adhered Hot-Applied Reinforced Waterproofing Systems

    D6864 Specification for Color and Appearance Retention of Solid Colored Plastic Siding Products

    E241 Guide for Limiting Water-Induced Damage to Buildings

    E331 Test Method for Water Penetration of Exterior Windows, Skylights, Doors, and Curtain Walls by Uniform Static Air Pressure Difference

    E547 Test Method for Water Penetration of Exterior Windows, Skylights, Doors, and Curtain Walls by Cyclic Static Air Pressure Difference

    E631 Terminology of Building Constructions

    E1105 Test Method for Field Determination of Water Penetration of Installed Exterior Windows, Skylights, Doors, and Curtain Walls, by Uniform or Cyclic Static Air Pressure Difference

    E1677 Specification for Air Barrier (AB) Material or System for Low-Rise Framed Building Walls

    E1825 Guide for Evaluation of Exterior Building Wall Materials, Products, and Systems

    E2112 Practice for Installation of Exterior Windows, Doors and Skylights

    F1667 Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples

    AAMA Standards

    AAMAIM-TM InstallationMasters Training Manual Window Selection Guide

    ACI Standards

    ACI524 Guide to Portland Cement Plastering

    ANSI Standards

    ANSI/AAMA/WDMA101/I. Voluntary Performance Specification for Windows, Skylights, and Glass Doors

    APA Standards

    ProductGuide Performance Rated Sidings


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.120.30 (Waterproofing)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30000000(Structures and Building and Construction and Manufacturing Components and Supplies)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/E2266-11

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM E2266-11, Standard Guide for Design and Construction of Low-Rise Frame Building Wall Systems to Resist Water Intrusion, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.org

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