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This specification covers the properties of products made from dense thermoplastic elastomers used for compression seals, gaskets, setting blocks, spacers, and accessories for building construction sealing and glazing applications. The products are categorized into types according to resistance to tearing and compression set, grades based on durometer hardness, classes by flame propagation requirements, and into surfaces according to the surface characteristics. All products should be a performed extrusion manufactured from a thermoplastic vulcanizate and should conform to the specified requirements for tensile strength, elongation at break, hardness, ozone resistance, compression set, heat aging, tear resistance, brittleness temperature, and water absorption.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification describes products composed of dense thermoplastic elastomers that are fabricated into gaskets and accessories (such as compression seals, setting blocks, spacers, and shims) for use in sealing and glazing applications in building construction. These products are used to seal or serve as components of compression sealing systems between mechanically restrained surfaces in building construction.
1.2 The values stated in metric (SI) units are to be regarded as the standard. The inch-pound values given in parentheses are provided for information purposes only.
1.3 Test Method C1166, as referenced in this specification, should be used to measure and describe the properties of materials, products, or assemblies in response to heat and flame under controlled laboratory conditions and should not be used to describe or appraise the fire hazard or fire risk of materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions. However, results of this test may be used as elements of a fire risk assessment that takes into account all of the factors which are pertinent to an assessment of the fire hazard of a particular end use.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C717 Terminology of Building Seals and Sealants
C864 Specification for Dense Elastomeric Compression Seal Gaskets, Setting Blocks, and Spacers
C1087 Test Method for Determining Compatibility of Liquid-Applied Sealants with Accessories Used in Structural Glazing Systems
C1166 Test Method for Flame Propagation of Dense and Cellular Elastomeric Gaskets and Accessories
D395 Test Methods for Rubber Property--Compression Set
D412 Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers--Tension
D471 Test Method for Rubber Property--Effect of Liquids
D573 Test Method for Rubber--Deterioration in an Air Oven
D624 Test Method for Tear Strength of Conventional Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers
D746 Test Method for Brittleness Temperature of Plastics and Elastomers by Impact
D792 Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement
D865 Test Method for Rubber--Deterioration by Heating in Air (Test Tube Enclosure)
D925 Test Methods for Rubber Property--Staining of Surfaces (Contact, Migration, and Diffusion)
D1149 Test Methods for Rubber Deterioration--Cracking in an Ozone Controlled Environment
D1566 Terminology Relating to Rubber
D2000 Classification System for Rubber Products in Automotive Applications
D2137 Test Methods for Rubber Property--Brittleness Point of Flexible Polymers and Coated Fabrics
D2240 Test Method for Rubber Property--Durometer Hardness
D3182 Practice for Rubber--Materials, Equipment, and Procedures for Mixing Standard Compounds and Preparing Standard Vulcanized Sheets
ICS Number Code 83.080.20 (Thermoplastic materials)
UNSPSC Code 31161816(Spacers or standoffs)