ASTM E2176-08

    Standard Test Method for Measuring the Coefficient of Retroreflected Luminance of Pavement Markings in a Standard Condition of Continuous Wetting (RL-Rain) (Withdrawn 2013)

    Withdrawn Standard: ASTM E2176-08 | Developed by Subcommittee: E12.10

    WITHDRAWN, REPLACED BY E2832


      Format Pages Price  
    PDF Version 6 $50.40   ADD TO CART

    Active (view current version of standard)

    ASTM License Agreement


    Withdrawn Rationale:

    This test method covers a measurement of the wet retroreflective (RL-Rain) properties of horizontal pavement marking materials, such as traffic stripes and road surface symbols. Formerly under the jurisdiction of Committee E12 on Color and Appearance, this test method was withdrawn in February 2013 and replaced by Test Method E2832 for Measuring the Coefficient of Retroreflected Luminance of Pavement Markings in a Standard Condition of Continuous Wetting (RL-2).

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers a measurement of the wet retroreflective (RL-Rain) properties of horizontal pavement marking materials, such as traffic stripes and road surface symbols.

    1.2 This method of measuring wet retroreflective properties (RL) of pavement markings utilizes a method of continuously wetting the marking during measurement (see Fig. 1).

    Note 1—Test Method E 2177 may be used to describe the retroreflective properties of pavement markings in conditions of wetness after a period of rain.

    1.3 This test method is most suitable for laboratory use under controlled conditions, but may also be used for field measurements when the necessary controls and precautions are followed.

    1.4 This test method specifies the use of reflectometers that can measure pavement markings per Test Method E 1710. The entrance and observation angles required of the retroreflectometer in this test method are commonly referred to as 30 meter geometry.

    1.5 This test method has been shown to produce reasonable results for pavement marking systems with optics having an index of refraction greater than 2.0 and structured markings having vertical structures greater than or equal to 3 mm. Users should exercise caution when using this test method for pavement marking systems with optics having an index of refraction less than 2.0 or markings having vertical structures less than 3 mm.

    1.6 Results obtained using this test method should not be the sole basis for specifying and assessing the wet retroreflective effectiveness of pavement marking systems. Users should complement the results of this test method with other evaluation results, such as nighttime visual inspections.

    1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    Note 2—An alternative test method designed to better represent the retroreflective efficiency of pavement marking systems under typical rain events is under development.


    FIG. 1 Illustration of Measurement



    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    E965 Test Method for Measuring Pavement Macrotexture Depth Using a Volumetric Technique

    E1710 Test Method for Measurement of Retroreflective Pavement Marking Materials with CEN-Prescribed Geometry Using a Portable Retroreflectometer

    E2177 Test Method for Measuring the Coefficient of Retroreflected Luminance (RL) of Pavement Markings in a Standard Condition of Wetness


    DOI: 10.1520/E2176-08

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.