Significance and Use
4.1 This guide and the use of consensus performance standards for housing can significantly contribute to the removal of barriers to the acceptance of housing innovation in the global marketplace. This guide in conjunction with the balance of the set of standard guides, when complete, can also serve to improve communications between producers and consumers leading to enhanced quality and performance of housing.
4.2 This guide is not intended for use in specifying and evaluating residential construction other than single family attached and detached dwellings. Nevertheless, some performance statements may have application to assessing the durability of building materials, components, and systems used in other constructions.
4.3 Although this guide addresses site planning as it affects the durability of single family attached and detached dwellings, the site-planning issues considered are not to be construed as a comprehensive site specification.
4.4 This guide can be useful to managers of housing procurement projects, home builders, designers, product manufacturers, and evaluation services in addressing durability issues related to single family attached and detached dwellings. Such applications can require that the performance statement examples be written in mandatory language.
4.5 The performance statement examples given in this guide are intended to complement the durability requirements implied in prescriptive provisions of codes such as the International Residential Code for One- and Two-Family Dwellings (IRC).
4.6 Limitations on Performance Prediction:
4.6.1 The traditional approach to evaluating the durability in building materials, components, and systems has been related to specific materials, and their reaction over time to specific degradation factors. This is useful for establishing standards for the quality control and use of specific materials. However, it is not much help in making comparisons across a variety of traditional materials intended for the same use, in evaluating systems comprised of a number of specific materials (for example, walls), or in developing performance specifications and performance standards needed for innovative materials. Little research has considered the generic analysis of degradation factors acting upon building elements in residential application. Moreover, insufficient work has been done in the development of accelerated weathering tests in which the degradation processes simulate those occurring in practice. Also, much more material science studies of degradation mechanisms and rates are needed to form a strong foundation for performance prediction of building materials. For these reasons, the performance statements in this guide are examples and initial steps of an evolving process in developing performance standards for single family attached and detached dwellings. It is anticipated that, as this guide is applied to housing procurement projects and as more research into the subject of durability is carried out, the performance statement examples in this guide will change. Both providers and specifiers should consider the basis for modifications as performance statements are established.
4.6.2 General conformance to this guide is intended to provide reasonable assurance that the in-place materials, built elements, and service subsystems of attached and detached dwellings will be serviceable through their service lives. Conformance to the performance statement examples in Appendix X3 does not assure that the service-lives will be met. Many of the listed tests are empirical in nature, and often do not reflect the variety of exposure conditions to which a material may be subjected in different geographic locations. However, the tests can be useful in illustrating comparisons of the performance of competing materials and systems. Paragraph X220.127.116.11 suggests that Practice E632 be followed in developing service-life prediction data when little performance history is available for a material or system.
1.1 This guide gives examples of performance statements for durable in-place materials, products, components, subsystems, and systems for single family attached and detached dwellings, considering the effects of normal degradation factors to which they are anticipated to be subjected over their service lives. Table 1 provides a listing of the sections of this Guide that address durability including the performance statements.
TABLE 1 Sections of this Practice Addressing Durability
1.2 Damage from extreme acts of nature, vandalism, or intentional destructive acts by dwelling inhabitants are not considered as normal degradation factors affecting durability in this guide.
—Performance statements regarding the performance of single family attached and detached dwellings under extreme acts of nature are addressed in the Guide on Structural Safety and Serviceability.
1.3 This guide also addresses site planning in so far as it affects the durability of single family attached and detached dwellings.
1.4 This guide is not intended to be used as a prescriptive regulatory document.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to inch-pound units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
B117 Practice for Operating Salt Spray (Fog) Apparatus
C1036 Specification for Flat Glass
C1048 Specification for Heat-Strengthened and Fully Tempered Flat Glass
C1172 Specification for Laminated Architectural Flat Glass
C1349 Specification for Architectural Flat Glass Clad Polycarbonate
D225 Specification for Asphalt Shingles (Organic Felt) Surfaced With Mineral Granules
D256 Test Methods for Determining the Izod Pendulum Impact Resistance of Plastics
D1729 Practice for Visual Appraisal of Colors and Color Differences of Diffusely-Illuminated Opaque Materials
D2444 Test Method for Determination of the Impact Resistance of Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings by Means of a Tup (Falling Weight)
D2486 Test Methods for Scrub Resistance of Wall Paints
D3363 Test Method for Film Hardness by Pencil Test
D3462 Specification for Asphalt Shingles Made from Glass Felt and Surfaced with Mineral Granules
D3746 Test Method for Impact Resistance of Bituminous Roofing Systems
D4226 Test Methods for Impact Resistance of Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Building Products
D4449 Test Method for Visual Evaluation of Gloss Differences Between Surfaces of Similar Appearance
D4812 Test Method for Unnotched Cantilever Beam Impact Resistance of Plastics
D5178 Test Method for Mar Resistance of Organic Coatings
D5420 Test Method for Impact Resistance of Flat, Rigid Plastic Specimen by Means of a Striker Impacted by a Falling Weight (Gardner Impact)
D6110 Test Method for Determining the Charpy Impact Resistance of Notched Specimens of Plastics
E631 Terminology of Building Constructions
E632 Practice for Developing Accelerated Tests to Aid Prediction of the Service Life of Building Components and Materials
E695 Test Method of Measuring Relative Resistance of Wall, Floor, and Roof Construction to Impact Loading
E773 Test Method for Accelerated Weathering of Sealed Insulating Glass Units
E774 Specification for the Classification of the Durability of Sealed Insulating Glass Units
E822 Practice for Determining Resistance of Solar Collector Covers to Hail by Impact With Propelled Ice Balls
E917 Practice for Measuring Life-Cycle Costs of Buildings and Building Systems
E997 Test Method for Structural Performance of Glass in Exterior Windows, Curtain Walls, and Doors Under the Influence of Uniform Static Loads by Destructive Methods
E998 Test Method for Structural Performance of Glass in Windows, Curtain Walls, and Doors Under the Influence of Uniform Static Loads by Nondestructive Method
E1017 Specification for Generic Performance Requirements for Exterior Residential Window Assemblies
E1233 Test Method for Structural Performance of Exterior Windows, Doors, Skylights, and Curtain Walls by Cyclic Air Pressure Differential
E1825 Guide for Evaluation of Exterior Building Wall Materials, Products, and Systems
E2025 Test Method for Evaluating Fenestration Components and Assemblies for Resistance to Impact Energies
E2151 Terminology of Guides for Specifying and Evaluating Performance of Single Family Attached and Detached Dwellings
F925 Test Method for Resistance to Chemicals of Resilient Flooring
F1265 Test Method for Resistance to Impact for Resilient Floor Tile
G116 Practice for Conducting Wire-on-Bolt Test for Atmospheric Galvanic Corrosion
G149 Practice for Conducting the Washer Test for Atmospheric Galvanic Corrosion
G151 Practice for Exposing Nonmetallic Materials in Accelerated Test Devices that Use Laboratory Light Sources
G152 Practice for Operating Open Flame Carbon Arc Light Apparatus for Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials
G153 Practice for Operating Enclosed Carbon Arc Light Apparatus for Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials
G154 Practice for Operating Fluorescent Ultraviolet (UV) Lamp Apparatus for Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials
G155 Practice for Operating Xenon Arc Light Apparatus for Exposure of Non-Metallic Materials
building materials and systems; durability; dwelling; performance criteria; single-family;
ICS Number Code 91.040.30 (Residential buildings)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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