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Significance and Use
This practice recognizes that the effective performance of installed fenestration products is dependent in part upon following proper installation procedures and appropriate workmanship.
This practice recognizes that the coordination of trades and proper sequencing are essential for effective fenestration installation. The general contractor shall be responsible for the necessary coordination of trades and proper construction sequencing of the installed fenestration product.
Improper installation of units contributes to excessive air, water and sound leakage, and condensation. It may promote the deterioration of wall constructions, insulation, fenestration products, and their respective finishes.
This practice presumes a working knowledge of applicable federal, state, and local codes and regulations; specifically, but not limited to required means of egress, requirements for safety glazing materials, and structural requirements of applicable codes.
This practice presumes a working knowledge of the tools, equipment, and methods necessary for the installation of specified fenestration products. It further assumes familiarity with flashing and sealing, glazing procedures, finishes where applicable, and an understanding of the fundamentals of construction that affect the installation of these units.
This practice presumes that the products that have been furnished for the installation and their locations within the structure comply with all the applicable building codes and regulations.
1.1 This practice covers the installation of fenestration products in new and existing construction. For the purpose of this practice, fenestration products shall be limited to windows, sliding patio-type doors, swinging patio type doors, and skylights, as used primarily in residential and light commercial buildings.
1.2 This practice assumes that the installer possesses basic woodworking skills and an understanding of wall and roof construction, sheet metal work, and joint sealant practices.
1.3 This practice attempts to instruct and familiarize the installer with the concepts of both Barrier Systems and Membrane/Drainage Systems, in order to ensure the continuity of the building envelope. This practice attempts to educate the installer, builder, architect, and other users in the identification and understanding of the water shedding system of the building envelope.
1.4 This practice covers the installation process from pre-installation procedures through post-installation procedures, for single units or factory-mulled multiple units in a single opening. It does not cover the fabrication or assembly of multiple units, whether such fabrication takes place in a factory or at the intended installation site. The installer should check with the manufacturer of factory-assembled units for instructions for anchoring. When using field-mulled units, follow manufacturer's recommendations and make certain that they meet applicable codes. This practice does not cover the selection of appropriate fenestration products for a given application, nor the selection of other products or systems for use in the installation.
1.5 This practice provides minimum requirements that will help to accomplish the installation of fenestration products in an effective manner. Actual conditions in buildings vary greatly and, in some cases, substantial additional precautions may be required. In the event that the manufacturer's installation instructions provided with the product conflict with requirements of this practice, the manufacturer's instructions shall prevail. This practice is not intended to limit or exclude other new procedures that may refine or further improve the effectiveness of fenestration installation.
1.5.1 This practice is intended to be used for background information in order to develop training manuals and training programs. Further, this practice attempts to consolidate and unify the various steps of construction, tying together the various trades involved with the continuity between fenestration products and the building envelope.
1.6 The text of this practice references notes and footnotes that provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of this practice.
1.7 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values shown in parentheses are for information only.
1.8 This standard has not been created to address all issues related to every possible installation situation one might experience in the field. Furthermore, this practice does not purport to provide fail-safe installation methods, assurance or protection against installation deficiencies, or a standard by which architects can specify or ensure delivered performance.
Note 1—There are no ISO standards covering the primary subject matter of this practice.
1.9 This practice does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.For specific precautionary statements, see Section 5, Related Procedures. Where a lead hazard is known or suspected, refer to ASTM Standards on Lead Hazards Associated with Buildings and to applicable state and federal regulations. Where an asbestos hazard is known or suspected, refer to the ASTM Manual on Asbestos Control, and to applicable state and federal regulations.
1.10 Table of Contents
|Table of Contents||1.10|
|Description of Terms Specific to this Standard||3.2|
|Significance and Use||4|
|Related Issues and Procedures||5|
|Continuity with the Weather Barrier Systems||5.1|
|Joints and Anchorages||5.2|
|Weather Resistant Barrier||5.4|
|Rough Opening Size||5.9.1|
|Insulating or Filling the Rough Opening Gap||5.9.2|
|Cleaning and Maintenance||5.11|
|Panning Systems and Subsills for Weatherability||5.16|
|Sealants-Selection and Use||5.18|
|Window Cleaner Anchors and Related SafetyHardware||5.19|
|Continuity Between the Fenestration Products and Other Components of the Building Envelope||6|
|Water Shedding Strategies of Wall and Roof Systems||7|
|Concept of Surface Barrier Systems and Membrane/Drainage Systems||7.1|
|Surface Barrier Systems||7.1.1|
|Identification of Systems||7.2|
|Installation Methods For Windows||8|
|Windows in Walls Utilizing a Membrane/Drainage System||8.1|
|Windows with Perimeter Mounting Flanges (Nail Fins) in Drainage Type Wall Construction||8.1.1|
|Selection of Installation Method||126.96.36.199|
|Non-Finned Windows in Membrane/Drainage Type Walls||8.1.2|
|Windows in Walls Utilizing a Barrier Wall System(Sealant Method)||8.2|
|Windows in Walls Utilizing an Exterior Barrier System (EIFS or Direct Applied)||8.3|
|Aluminum Framed Windows||8.4.1|
|Vinyl Framed Windows||8.4.2|
|Replacement Window Installation||8.5|
|Partial Window Replacement for Existing Integral Flange Windows||8.5.1|
|Partial Replacement of Mill Shop Wood Windows||8.5.2|
|Complete Window Replacement||8.5.3|
|Destructive Window Replacement (Fin Type)||188.8.131.52|
|Non-Destructive Window Replacement (Non-Fin Type)||184.108.40.206|
|Installation Methods for Doors||9|
|Doors in Walls Utilizing a Membrane/Drainage System||9.1|
|Doors with Perimeter Mounting Flanges (Nailing Fins) in Drainage Type Wall Construction||9.1.1|
|Selection of Installation Method||220.127.116.11|
|Hinged Swing (Non-finned) Doors in Membrane/Drainage Type Walls||9.1.2|
|Installation Methods for Skylights||10|
|Aluminum/Copper Sheet Flashing||10.3|
|Aluminum/Copper Step Flashing (Fabricated or Engineered)||10.4|
|Air Barrier Foam Sealant Used in the Rough Opening Gap||Annex A1|
|Emergency Escape and Rescue Requirements||Annex A2|
|Minimum Height Requirements for Interior Height of Pan Flashing||Annex A3|
|Window/Door Flashing Types||Appendix X1|
|Cautions for Installation||Appendix X2|
|Bibliography/Other Referenced Installation Guides||Appendix X3|
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A123/A123M Specification for Zinc (Hot-Dip Galvanized) Coatings on Iron and Steel Products
B456 Specification for Electrodeposited Coatings of Copper Plus Nickel Plus Chromium and Nickel Plus Chromium
B663 Specification for Silver-Tungsten Carbide Electrical Contact Material
B766 Specification for Electrodeposited Coatings of Cadmium
C717 Terminology of Building Seals and Sealants
C755 Practice for Selection of Water Vapor Retarders for Thermal Insulation
C794 Test Method for Adhesion-in-Peel of Elastomeric Joint Sealants
C834 Specification for Latex Sealants
C920 Specification for Elastomeric Joint Sealants
C1085 Specification for Butyl Rubber Based Solvent-Release Sealants
C1193 Guide for Use of Joint Sealants
C1281 Specification for Preformed Tape Sealants for Glazing Applications
C1299 Guide for Use in Selection of Liquid-Applied Sealants
C1311 Specification for Solvent Release Sealants
C1382 Test Method for Determining Tensile Adhesion Properties of Sealants When Used in Exterior Insulation and Finish Systems (EIFS) Joints
C1397 Practice for Application of Class PB Exterior Insulation and Finish Systems (EIFS) and EIFS with Drainage
D779 Test Method for Water Resistance of Paper, Paperboard, and Other Sheet Materials by the Dry Indicator Method
D1970 Specification for Self-Adhering Polymer Modified Bituminous Sheet Materials Used as Steep Roofing Underlayment for Ice Dam Protection
D2822 Specification for Asphalt Roof Cement, Asbestos-Containing
E283 Test Method for Determining Rate of Air Leakage Through Exterior Windows, Curtain Walls, and Doors Under Specified Pressure Differences Across the Specimen
E331 Test Method for Water Penetration of Exterior Windows, Skylights, Doors, and Curtain Walls by Uniform Static Air Pressure Difference
E547 Test Method for Water Penetration of Exterior Windows, Skylights, Doors, and Curtain Walls by Cyclic Static Air Pressure Difference
E631 Terminology of Building Constructions
E783 Test Method for Field Measurement of Air Leakage Through Installed Exterior Windows and Doors
E1105 Test Method for Field Determination of Water Penetration of Installed Exterior Windows, Skylights, Doors, and Curtain Walls, by Uniform or Cyclic Static Air Pressure Difference
ICS Number Code 91.060.50 (Doors and windows)
UNSPSC Code 30170000(Doors and windows and glass); 95121500(Commercial and entertainment buildings and structures)
ASTM E2112-07, Standard Practice for Installation of Exterior Windows, Doors and Skylights, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2007, www.astm.orgBack to Top