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Significance and Use
This practice provides general guidelines for the practice of thermogravimetry coupled with infrared spectrometric detection and analysis (TGA/IR). This practice assumes that the thermogravimetry involved in the practice is proper. It is not the intention of this practice to instruct the user on proper thermogravimetric techniques. Please refer to Test Method E1131 for more information.
1.1 This practice covers techniques that are of general use in the qualitative analysis of samples by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) coupled with infrared (IR) spectrometric techniques. The combination of these techniques is often referred to as TGA/IR.
1.2 A sample heated in a TGA furnace using a predetermined temperature profile typically undergoes one or more weight losses. Materials evolved during these weight losses are then analyzed using infrared spectroscopy to determine chemical identity. The analysis may involve collecting discrete evolved gas samples or, more commonly, may involve passing the evolved gas through a heated flowcell during the TGA experiment. The general techniques of TGA/IR and other corresponding techniques, such as TGA coupled with mass spectroscopy (TGA/MS), as well as, TGA, used in conjunction with GC/IR, are described in the referenced literature (1-4).
1.3 Some thermal analysis instruments are designed to perform both thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry simultaneously. This type of instrument is sometimes called a simultaneous thermal analyzer (STA). The evolved gas analysis performed with an STA instrument (5) is similar to that with a TGA, and so, would be covered by this practice. With use of a simultaneous thermal analyzer, the coupled method typically is labeled STA/IR.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 This statement does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E131 Terminology Relating to Molecular Spectroscopy
E168 Practices for General Techniques of Infrared Quantitative Analysis
E334 Practice for General Techniques of Infrared Microanalysis
E473 Terminology Relating to Thermal Analysis and Rheology
E1131 Test Method for Compositional Analysis by Thermogravimetry
E1252 Practice for General Techniques for Obtaining Infrared Spectra for Qualitative Analysis
E1421 Practice for Describing and Measuring Performance of Fourier Transform Mid-Infrared (FT-MIR) Spectrometers: Level Zero and Level One Tests
ICS Number Code 71.040.50 (Physicochemical methods of analysis)