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Significance and Use
The AE examination method detects structurally significant flaws in FRP structures via test loading. The damage mechanisms that are detected in FRP include resin cracking, fiber debonding, fiber pullout, fiber breakage, delamination, and secondary bond failure.
Flaws in unstressed areas will not generate detectable AE.
Flaws located with AE may be examined by other methods.
1.1 This practice provides guidelines for acoustic emission (AE) examinations of fiberglass reinforced plastic (FRP) fan blades of the type used in industrial cooling towers and heat exchangers.
1.2 This practice uses simulated service loading to determine structural integrity.
1.3 This practice will detect sources of acoustic emission in areas of sensor coverage that are stressed during the course of the examination.
1.4 This practice applies to examinations of new and in-service fan blades.
1.5 This practice is limited to fan blades of FRP construction, with length (hub centerline to tip) of less than 3 m [10 ft], and with fiberglass content greater than 15 % by weight.
1.6 AE measurements are used to detect emission sources. Other nondestructive examination (NDE) methods may be used to evaluate the significance of AE sources. Procedures for other NDE methods are beyond the scope of this practice.
1.7 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E543 Specification for Agencies Performing Nondestructive Testing
E650 Guide for Mounting Piezoelectric Acoustic Emission Sensors
E750 Practice for Characterizing Acoustic Emission Instrumentation
E976 Guide for Determining the Reproducibility of Acoustic Emission Sensor Response
E1067 Practice for Acoustic Emission Examination of Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic Resin (FRP) Tanks/Vessels
E1106 Test Method for Primary Calibration of Acoustic Emission Sensors
E1316 Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
ASNT DocumentsANSI/ASNTCP-189 Standard for Qualification and Certification of Nondestructive Testing Personnel
Aerospace Industries Association DocumentNAS410 Certification and Qualification of Nondestructive Testing Personnel
ICS Number Code 19.100 (Non-destructive testing)