Significance and Use
This test method measures the time to extrapolated onset of an exothermic reaction under constant temperature (isothermal) conditions for reactions which have an induction period, for example, those which are catalytic or autocatalytic in nature or which contain reaction inhibitors.
The RIT determined by this test method is an index measurement that is useful for comparing one material to another at the test temperature of interest and in the same apparatus type only.
This test method is a useful adjunct to dynamic thermal tests, such as Test Method E 537, which are performed under conditions in which the sample temperature is increased continuously at constant rate. Results obtained under dynamic test conditions may result in higher estimates of temperature at which an exothermic reaction initiates because the detected onset temperature is dependent upon the heating rate and because dynamic methods allow insufficient time for autocatalytic reactions to measurably affect the onset temperature.
RIT values determined under a series of isothermal test conditions may be plotted as their logarithm versus the reciprocal of the absolute temperature to produce a plot, the slope of which is proportional to the activation energy of the reaction as described in Test Method E 2070.
This test method may be used in research and development, manufacturing, process and quality control, and regulatory compliance.
This test method is similar to that for Oxidation Induction Time (OIT) (for example, Specification D 3350 and Test Methods D 3895, D 4565, D 5483, D 6186, and E 1858) where the time to the oxidation reaction under isothermal test conditions is measured. The OIT test method measures the presence of antioxidant packages and is a relative measurement of a material's resistance to oxidation.
1.1 This test method describes the measurement of Reaction Induction Time (RIT) of chemical materials that undergo exothermic reactions with an induction period. The techniques and apparatus described may be used for solids, liquids, or slurries of chemical substances. The temperature range covered by this test method is typically from ambient to 400°C. This range may be extended depending upon the apparatus used.
1.2 The RIT is a relative index value, not an absolute thermodynamic property. As an index value, the RIT value may change depending upon experimental conditions. A comparison of RIT values may be made only for materials tested under similar conditions of apparatus, specimen size, and so forth. Furthermore, the RIT value may not predict behavior of large quantities of material.
1.3 The RIT shall not be used by itself to establish a safe operating temperature. It may be used in conjunction with other test methods (for example, E 487, E 537, and E 1981) as part of a hazard analysis of a particular operation.
1.4 This test method may be used for RIT values greater than 15 min (as relative imprecision increases at shorter periods).
1.5 This test method is used to study catalytic and autocatalytic reactions. These reactions depend upon time as well as temperature. Such reactions are often studied by fixing one experimental parameter (that is, time or temperature) and then measuring the other parameter (that is, temperature or time). This test method measures time to reaction onset detection under isothermal conditions. It is related to Test Method E 487 that measures detected reaction onset temperature under constant time conditions
1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.7 There is no ISO standard equivalent to this test method.
1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to consult and establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D3350 Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Pipe and Fittings Materials
D3895 Test Method for Oxidative-Induction Time of Polyolefins by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
D4565 Test Methods for Physical and Environmental Performance Properties of Insulations and Jackets for Telecommunications Wire and Cable
D5483 Test Method for Oxidation Induction Time of Lubricating Greases by Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry
D6186 Test Method for Oxidation Induction Time of Lubricating Oils by Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry (PDSC)
E473 Terminology Relating to Thermal Analysis and Rheology
E487 Test Method for Constant-Temperature Stability of Chemical Materials
E537 Test Method for The Thermal Stability of Chemicals by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
E967 Test Method for Temperature Calibration of Differential Scanning Calorimeters and Differential Thermal Analyzers
E968 Practice for Heat Flow Calibration of Differential Scanning Calorimeters
E1445 Terminology Relating to Hazard Potential of Chemicals
E1858 Test Method for Determining Oxidation Induction Time of Hydrocarbons by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
E1860 Test Method for Elapsed Time Calibration of Thermal Analyzers
E1981 Guide for Assessing Thermal Stability of Materials by Methods of Accelerating Rate Calorimetry
E2070 Test Method for Kinetic Parameters by Differential Scanning Calorimetry Using Isothermal Methods
differential scanning calorimetry (DSC); differential thermal analysis (DTA); hazard potential; reaction induction time (RIT); reactions, thermal; thermal analysis (TA); thermal stability; Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC); Differential thermal analysis (DTA); Hazard assessment/potential--chemicals; Reaction-induction-time (RIT); Thermal analysis (TA)--chemicals; Thermal stability;
ICS Number Code 17.200.20 (Temperature-measuring instruments)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
[Back to Top]