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Significance and Use
This guide is significant in that it addresses the data and information options of each component of the ecological risk assessment process, for both a screening and complex ERA. It outlines the data and information options while recognizing that an ecological risk assessment may be focused to achieve a particular stated goal. This guide is not intended to represent the views of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), or any other regulatory agency, on data collection for ecological risk assessment.
This guide is to be used by managers, scientists, and technical staff of contractors, industry, government agencies, and universities responsible for conducting ecological risk assessments at contaminated sites. It is to be used to guide data collection phases of the ecological risk assessment. It will assist in the development of the conceptual site model (see Guide E1689) and the identification of potential assessment and measurement endpoints (see Guide E1848). While it was written to assist in planning an ERA, the list also may be used in the review of a completed ERA.
1.1 This guide is intended to assist remedial project teams, specifically ecological risk assessors, in identifying data and information options that may be used to perform a screening or complex ecological risk assessment (ERA) at a contaminated site.
1.2 The identification of data and information options for human health risk assessment is outside the scope of this guide.
1.3 This guide is intended to provide a list for identifying data and information options and does not recommend a specific course of action for ERA activities.
1.4 This guide addresses data and information options for the ecological risk assessment, not verification or long-term monitoring studies.
1.5 This guide lists many of the common data and information options for ERA, but there may be others relevant for any particular site.
1.6 This guide considers one component of an ERA, that is, identification of data and information options. Other ASTM guides have been developed, for example, Guides E1689 and E1848, and are being developed to cover other components of the risk assessment process.
1.7 This guide does not provide information on how to perform any of the analytical procedures used to perform a risk assessment once data collection options are defined.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D5730 Guide for Site Characterization for Environmental Purposes With Emphasis on Soil, Rock, the Vadose Zone and Groundwater
E1391 Guide for Collection, Storage, Characterization, and Manipulation of Sediments for Toxicological Testing and for Selection of Samplers Used to Collect Benthic Invertebrates
E1525 Guide for Designing Biological Tests with Sediments
E1689 Guide for Developing Conceptual Site Models for Contaminated Sites
E1848 Guide for Selecting and Using Ecological Endpoints for Contaminated Sites
ICS Number Code 13.020.40 (Pollution, pollution control and conservation)
UNSPSC Code 77101501(Risk or hazard assessment)