Significance and Use
These test methods measure certain chemical and physical properties of ethylene glycols and propylene glycols and may be used to determine compliance with specification in which limits are established for these properties. For those tests that use the procedure of another ASTM test method, that test method should be consulted for additional information on the significance and use of that test.
Alternative test methods and technology for several of the methods can be found in the Appendix. Use of these methods is optional and individuals using the alternative methods should assure themselves that the method is sufficient and appropriate for the application. Precision data presented in this standard is only for the original test methods listed.
1.1 These test methods cover the chemical and physical analysis of the commonly available grades of ethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, propylene glycol, and dipropylene glycol. The key sections appear in the following order:
|Purity of Reagents|| 4 |
|Specific Gravity|| 6-8|
|Distillation Range|| 9-11 |
|Gas Chromatographic Analysis||24-26 |
|Alternative Test Methods||Appendix X1|
1.2 Review the current appropriate Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for detailed information concerning toxicity, first aid procedures, and safety precautions.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard with the exception of foot-pound for apparatus descriptions.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D891 Test Methods for Specific Gravity, Apparent, of Liquid Industrial Chemicals
D1078 Test Method for Distillation Range of Volatile Organic Liquids
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D1209 Test Method for Color of Clear Liquids (Platinum-Cobalt Scale)
D1613 Test Method for Acidity in Volatile Solvents and Chemical Intermediates Used in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products
D4052 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
D5386 Test Method for Color of Liquids Using Tristimulus Colorimetry
E180 Practice for Determining the Precision of ASTM Methods for Analysis and Testing of Industrial and Specialty Chemicals
E203 Test Method for Water Using Volumetric Karl Fischer Titration
E394 Test Method for Iron in Trace Quantities Using the 1,10-Phenanthroline Method
E611 Test Methods for Low Concentrations of Diethlyene Glycol in Ethylene Glycol by Gas Chromatography
E1064 Test Method for Water in Organic Liquids by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
E1615 Test Method for Iron in Trace Quantities Using the FerroZine Method
E2409 Test Method for Glycol Impurities in Mono-, Di-, Tri- and Tetraethylene Glycol (Gas Chromatographic Method)
E2679 Test Method for Acidity in Mono-, Di-, Tri- and Tetraethylene Glycol byNon-Aqueous Potentiometric Titration
AdjunctADJD6300 Determination of Precision and Bias for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants Available from ASTM International Headquarters.
acidity; color; distillation range; ethylene glycols; gas chromatography; iron; propylene glycols; specific gravity; water; Acidity, alkalinity, pH--engine antifreezes/antitrusts/coolants; Chemical analysis--chemicals; Color--organic/inorganic chemicals; Distillation--distillation range; Ethylene glycol; Gas chromatography (GC)--chemicals; Iron content--chemicals; Propylene glycol; Specific gravity--chemicals; Water content--chemicals
ICS Number Code 71.080.60 (Alcohols. Ethers)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
[Back to Top]