ASTM E1981 - 98(2012)e2

    Standard Guide for Assessing Thermal Stability of Materials by Methods of Accelerating Rate Calorimetry

    Active Standard ASTM E1981 | Developed by Subcommittee: E27.02

    Book of Standards Volume: 14.02


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    ASTM E1981

    Significance and Use

    5.1 The data from this guide seldom, if ever, directly simulate thermal and pressure events in the processing, storage, and shipping of chemicals. However, the data obtained from this guide may be used, with suitable precautions, to predict the thermal and pressure hazards associated with processing, storage, and shipping of a chemical or mixture of chemicals after appropriate scaling of the data. This has been addressed in the literature (1-4) but is beyond the scope of this guide.

    5.2 This guide is suitable, under the proper conditions, for the investigation of the effects of catalyst, inhibitors, initiators, reaction atmospheres, materials of construction, or, if available, agitation (see 6.1.2).

    5.3 Interpretation of the time-temperature or time-pressure data may be possible for relatively simple systems through the use of suitable temperature-dependent kinetic theories such as the Arrhenius and Absolute Reaction Rate theories (5-6) .

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide covers suggested procedures for the operation of a calorimetric device designed to obtain temperature and pressure data as a function of time for systems undergoing a physicochemical change under nearly adiabatic conditions.

    1.2 This guide outlines the calculation of thermodynamic parameters from the time, temperature, and pressure data recorded by a calorimetric device.

    1.3 The assessment outlined in this guide may be used over a pressure range from full vacuum to the rated pressure of the reaction container and pressure transducer. The temperature range of the calorimeter typically varies from ambient to 500°C, but also may be user specified (see 6.6).

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.5 This statement does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific safety precautions are outlined in Section 7.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E476 Test Method for Thermal Instability of Confined Condensed Phase Systems (Confinement Test)

    E487 Test Method for Constant-Temperature Stability of Chemical Materials

    E537 Test Method for The Thermal Stability of Chemicals by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

    E680 Test Method for Drop Weight Impact Sensitivity of Solid-Phase Hazardous Materials

    E698 Test Method for Arrhenius Kinetic Constants for Thermally Unstable Materials Using Differential Scanning Calorimetry and the Flynn/Wall/Ozawa Method

    E1231 Practice for Calculation of Hazard Potential Figures-of-Merit for Thermally Unstable Materials


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 17.200.10 (Heat. Calorimetry)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/E1981

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