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Significance and Use
Friction characteristics of traveled surfaces are monitored by skid measurement systems, and the operating procedure for the use of these systems is Test Method E274. However, dynamic measurement differences between these systems, that comply with the requirements of Test Method E274, require that each of these systems be correlated to each other system. The most effective approach to accomplish this correlation is to compare each system to a singular, highly accurate system, or to a very limited number (two or three) of systems, in a controlled environment. The ARSMS's were designed to be such systems. Fig. 1 depicts a skid measurement system and shows the general location of the major components.
This guide defines the process of ensuring that the ARSMS's continue to accomplish their intended purpose.
1.1 This guide covers validating area reference skid measurement systems (ARSMS) and related equipment. These systems have been used since 1976 to evaluate and correlate Test Method E274 skid measurement systems used primarily as a pavement management tool by state Departments of Transportation. Also, this guide provides guidelines for the revalidation process following the replacement of components within an ARSMS.
1.2 This guide is offered as a process to identify and quantify the variables that affect system performance, to minimize the effect of these variables, and to provide a method of validating a new ARSMS to replace an existing ARSMS that has provided quality correlation data for a very long time.
1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard since the ARSMS will be compared with state departments of transportation systems that all currently use inch-pound units. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E274 Test Method for Skid Resistance of Paved Surfaces Using a Full-Scale Tire
E501 Specification for Rib Tire for Pavement Skid-Resistance Tests
E556 Test Method for Calibrating a Wheel Force or Torque Transducer Using a Calibration Platform (User Level)
E867 Terminology Relating to Vehicle-Pavement Systems
F377 Practice for Calibration of Braking/Tractive Measuring Devices for Testing Tires
F457 Test Method for Speed and Distance Calibration of Fifth Wheel Equipped With Either Analog or Digital Instrumentation
ICS Number Code 93.080.10 (Road construction)
UNSPSC Code 41110000(Measuring and observing and testing instruments)