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Significance and Use
Predictions of neutron radiation effects on pressure vessel steels are considered in the design of light-water moderated nuclear power reactors. Changes in system operating parameters often are made throughout the service life of the reactor vessel to account for radiation effects. Due to the variability in the behavior of reactor vessel steels, a surveillance program is warranted to monitor changes in the properties of actual vessel materials caused by long-term exposure to the neutron radiation and temperature environment of the reactor vessel. This practice describes the criteria that should be considered in planning and implementing surveillance test programs and points out precautions that should be taken to ensure that: (1) capsule exposures can be related to beltline exposures, (2) materials selected for the surveillance program are samples of those materials most likely to limit the operation of the reactor vessel, and (3) the test specimen types are appropriate for the evaluation of radiation effects on the reactor vessel.
The methodology to be used in estimation of neutron exposure obtained for reactor vessel surveillance programs is defined in Guide E482.
The design of a surveillance program for a given reactor vessel must consider the existing body of data on similar materials in addition to the specific materials used for that reactor vessel. The amount of such data and the similarity of exposure conditions and material characteristics will determine their applicability for predicting radiation effects.
1.1 This practice covers procedures for designing a surveillance program for monitoring the radiation-induced changes in the mechanical properties of ferritic materials in light-water moderated nuclear power reactor vessels. This practice includes the minimum requirements for the design of a surveillance program, selection of vessel material to be included, and the initial schedule for evaluation of materials.
1.2 This practice was developed for all light-water moderated nuclear power reactor vessels for which the predicted maximum fast neutron fluence (E > 1 MeV) at the end of license (EOL) exceeds 1 × 1021 neutrons/m2 (1 × 1017 n/cm2) at the inside surface of the reactor vessel.
1.3 This practice applies only to the planning and design of surveillance programs for reactor vessels designed and built after the effective date of this practice. Previous versions of Practice E185 apply to earlier reactor vessels.
1.4 This practice does not provide specific procedures for monitoring the radiation induced changes in properties beyond the design life, but the procedure described may provide guidance for developing such a surveillance program.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
Note 1—The increased complexity of the requirements for a light-water moderated nuclear power reactor vessel surveillance program has necessitated the separation of the requirements into three related standards. Practice E185 describes the minimum requirements for a surveillance program. Practice E2215 describes the procedures for testing and evaluation of surveillance capsules removed from a surveillance program as defined in the current or previous editions of Practice E185. Guide E636 provides guidance for conducting additional mechanical tests. A summary of the many major revisions to Practice E185 since its original issuance is contained in Appendix X1.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products
E8/E8M Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
E21 Test Methods for Elevated Temperature Tension Tests of Metallic Materials
E23 Test Methods for Notched Bar Impact Testing of Metallic Materials
E170 Terminology Relating to Radiation Measurements and Dosimetry
E208 Test Method for Conducting Drop-Weight Test to Determine Nil-Ductility Transition Temperature of Ferritic Steels
E482 Guide for Application of Neutron Transport Methods for Reactor Vessel Surveillance, E706 (IID)
E636 Guide for Conducting Supplemental Surveillance Tests for Nuclear Power Reactor Vessels, E 706 (IH)
E844 Guide for Sensor Set Design and Irradiation for Reactor Surveillance, E 706 (IIC)
E900 Guide for Predicting Radiation-Induced Transition Temperature Shift in Reactor Vessel Materials, E706 (IIF)
E1214 Guide for Use of Melt Wire Temperature Monitors for Reactor Vessel Surveillance, E 706 (IIIE)
E1253 Guide for Reconstitution of Irradiated Charpy-Sized Specimens
E1820 Test Method for Measurement of Fracture Toughness
E1921 Test Method for Determination of Reference Temperature, To, for Ferritic Steels in the Transition Range
E2215 Practice for Evaluation of Surveillance Capsules from Light-Water Moderated Nuclear Power Reactor Vessels
ASME StandardsASMEBoilerandPressur Use of Fracture Toughness Test Data to Establish Reference Temperature for Pressure Retaining Materials Other Than Bolting for Class 1 Vessels, Section III, Division 1
ICS Number Code 27.120.10 (Reactor engineering)
UNSPSC Code 39121015(Reactors); 26142100(Nuclear reactor equipment)