ASTM E1806 - 09(2016)

    Standard Practice for Sampling Steel and Iron for Determination of Chemical Composition

    Active Standard ASTM E1806 | Developed by Subcommittee: E01.01

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.05


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 This practice covers all aspects of sampling and preparing steel and iron for chemical analysis as defined in Test Methods, Practices, and Definitions A751 and Specification A48/A48M. Such subjects as sampling location and the sampling of lots are defined.

    4.2 It is intended that this practice include most requirements for sampling steel and iron for analysis. Standard analytical methods that reference this practice need contain only special modifications and exceptions.

    4.3 It is assumed that all who use these procedures will be trained samplers capable of performing common sampling operations skillfully and safely. It is expected that only proper sampling equipment will be used.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers the sampling of all grades of steel, both cast and wrought, and all types (grades) of cast irons and blast furnace iron for chemical and spectrochemical determination of composition. This practice is similar to ISO 14284.

    1.2 This practice is divided into the following sections.

     

    Sections

    Requirements for Sampling and Sample Preparation

    6

    General

    6.1

    Sample

    6.2

    Selection of a Sample

    6.3

    Preparation of a Sample

    6.4

     

     

    Liquid Iron for Steelmaking and Pig Iron Production

    7

    General

    7.1

    Spoon Sampling

    7.2

    Probe Sampling

    7.3

    Preparation of a Sample for Analysis

    7.4

     

     

    Liquid Iron for Cast Iron Production

    8

    General

    8.1

    Spoon Sampling

    8.2

    Probe Sampling

    8.3

    Preparation of a Sample for Analysis

    8.4

    Sampling and Sample Preparation for the Determination of

    8.5

     Oxygen and Hydrogen

     

     

     

    Liquid Steel for Steel Production

    9

    General

    9.1

    Probe Sampling

    9.2

    Spoon Sampling

    9.3

    Preparation of a Sample for Analysis

    9.4

    Sampling and Sample Preparation for the Determination

    9.5

     of Oxygen

     

    Sampling and Sample Preparation for the Determination

    9.6

     of Hydrogen

     

     

     

    Pig Irons

    10

    General

    10.1

    Increment Sampling

    10.2

    Preparation of a Sample for Analysis

    10.3

     

     

    Cast Iron Products

    11

    General

    11.1

    Sampling and Sample Preparation

    11.2

     

     

     

    Sections

    Steel Products

    12

    General

    12.1

    Selection of a Laboratory Sample or a Sample for

    12.2

     Analysis from a Cast Product

     

    Selection of a Laboratory Sample or a Sample for

    12.3

     Analysis from a Wrought Product

     

    Preparation of a Sample for Analysis

    12.4

    Sampling of Leaded Steel

    12.5

    Sampling and Sample Preparation for the Determination

    12.6

     of Oxygen

     

     

     

    Sampling and Sample Preparation for the Determination

    12.7

     of Hydrogen

     

     

     

    Keywords

    13

     

     

     

    Annexes

    Sampling Probes for Use with Liquid Iron and Steel

    Annex A1

    Sampling Probes for Use with Liquid Steel for the

    Annex A2

     Determination of Hydrogen

     

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific statements, see 6.4.3.5, 9.4.4.3, and 12.5.1 as well as Section 5.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A48/A48M Specification for Gray Iron Castings

    A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products

    E135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    E415 Test Method for Analysis of Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel by Spark Atomic Emission Spectrometry

    E1010 Practice for Preparation of Disk Specimens of Steel and Iron by Remelting for Spectrochemical Analysis


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.040.50 (Physicochemical methods of analysis)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11101704(Steel); 11101713(Iron)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/E1806-09R16

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM E1806-09(2016), Standard Practice for Sampling Steel and Iron for Determination of Chemical Composition, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.org

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