ASTM E1806 - 09

    Standard Practice for Sampling Steel and Iron for Determination of Chemical Composition

    Active Standard ASTM E1806 | Developed by Subcommittee: E01.01

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.05

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    Significance and Use

    This practice covers all aspects of sampling and preparing steel and iron for chemical analysis as defined in Test Methods, Practices, and Definitions A 751 and Specification A 48/A 48M. Such subjects as sampling location and the sampling of lots are defined.

    It is intended that this practice include most requirements for sampling steel and iron for analysis. Standard analytical methods that reference this practice need contain only special modifications and exceptions.

    It is assumed that all who use these procedures will be trained samplers capable of performing common sampling operations skillfully and safely. It is expected that only proper sampling equipment will be used.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers the sampling of all grades of steel, both cast and wrought, and all types (grades) of cast irons and blast furnace iron for chemical and spectrochemical determination of composition. This practice is similar to ISO 14284.

    1.2 This practice is divided into the following sections.

    Requirements for Sampling and Sample Preparation6
    Selection of a Sample6.3
    Preparation of a Sample6.4
    Liquid Iron for Steelmaking and Pig Iron Production7
    Spoon Sampling7.2
    Probe Sampling7.3
    Preparation of a Sample for Analysis7.4
    Liquid Iron for Cast Iron Production8
    Spoon Sampling8.2
    Probe Sampling8.3
    Preparation of a Sample for Analysis8.4
    Sampling and Sample Preparation for the Determination of8.5
    Oxygen and Hydrogen
    Liquid Steel for Steel Production9
    Probe Sampling9.2
    Spoon Sampling9.3
    Preparation of a Sample for Analysis9.4
    Sampling and Sample Preparation for the Determination9.5
    of Oxygen
    Sampling and Sample Preparation for the Determination9.6
    of Hydrogen
    Pig Irons10
    Increment Sampling10.2
    Preparation of a Sample for Analysis10.3
    Cast Iron Products11
    Sampling and Sample Preparation11.2
    Steel Products12
    Selection of a Laboratory Sample or a Sample for12.2
    Analysis from a Cast Product
    Selection of a Laboratory Sample or a Sample for12.3
    Analysis from a Wrought Product
    Preparation of a Sample for Analysis12.4
    Sampling of Leaded Steel12.5
    Sampling and Sample Preparation for the Determination12.6
    of Oxygen
    Sampling and Sample Preparation for the Determination12.7
    of Hydrogen
    Sampling Probes for Use with Liquid Iron and SteelAnnex A1
    Sampling Probes for Use with Liquid Steel for theAnnex A2
    Determination of Hydrogen

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific statements, see,, and 12.5.1 as well as Section 5.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A48/A48M Specification for Gray Iron Castings

    A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products

    E135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    E415 Test Method for Atomic Emission Vacuum Spectrometric Analysis of Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel

    E1010 Practice for Preparation of Disk Specimens of Steel and Iron for Spectrochemical Analysis by Remelting

    ISO Documents

    ISO14284 Steel and iron--Sampling and preparation of samples for the determination of chemical composition

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.040.50 (Physicochemical methods of analysis)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11101704(Steel); 11101713(Iron)

    DOI: 10.1520/E1806-09

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