ASTM E176 - 14b

    Standard Terminology of Fire Standards

    Active Standard ASTM E176 | Developed by Subcommittee: E05.31

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.07


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    Significance and Use

    3.1 Definitions—Terms and related definitions given in Section 4 are intended for use uniformly and consistently in all fire test standards and in all fire-test-response standards, fire-hazard-assessment standards, and fire-risk-assessment standards in which they appear.

    3.2 Definitions of Terms Specific to This Standard:

    3.2.1 As indicated in Section 4, terms and their definitions are intended to provide a precise understanding and interpretation of fire-test-response standards, fire-hazard-assessment standards, and fire-risk-assessment standards in which they appear.

    3.2.2 A specific definition of a given term is applicable to the standard or standards in which the term is described and used.

    3.2.3 Different definitions of the same term, appearing respectively in two or more standards, are acceptable provided each one is consistent with and not in conflict with the standard definition for the same term, that is, concept.

    3.2.4 Each standard in which a term is used in a manner specially defined (see 1.1 and Section 5) shall list the term and its description under the subheading, Definitions of Terms.

    3.3 Definitions for some terms associated with fire issues and not included in Terminology E176 are found in ISO 13943. When discrepancies exist, the definition in Terminology E176 shall prevail.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This terminology covers terms, related definitions, and descriptions of terms used or likely to be used in fire-test-response standards, fire-hazard-assessment standards, and fire-risk-assessment standards. Definitions of terms are special-purpose definitions that are consistent with the standard definitions but are written to ensure that a specific fire-test-response standard, fire-hazard-assessment standard, or fire-risk-assessment standard is properly understood and precisely interpreted.

    Note 1: For additional information, refer to ASTM Policy on Fire Standards.2

    1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.3 This fire standard cannot be used to provide quantitative measures.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C1224 Specification for Reflective Insulation for Building Applications

    C1313 Specification for Sheet Radiant Barriers for Building Construction Applications

    D3675 Test Method for Surface Flammability of Flexible Cellular Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source

    D5865 Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke

    E84 Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials

    E108 Test Methods for Fire Tests of Roof Coverings

    E119 Test Methods for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials

    E136 Test Method for Behavior of Materials in a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750C

    E152 Test Method for Fire Tests Of Door Assemblies

    E162 Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source

    E163 Test Method for Fire Tests Of Window Assemblies

    E535 Practice for Preparation of Fire-Test-Response Standards

    E603 Guide for Room Fire Experiments

    E648 Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux of Floor-Covering Systems Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source

    E800 Guide for Measurement of Gases Present or Generated During Fires

    E814 Test Method for Fire Tests of Penetration Firestop Systems

    E906/E906M Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using a Thermopile Method

    E970 Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux of Exposed Attic Floor Insulation Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source

    E1317 Test Method for Flammability of Marine Surface Finishes

    E1321 Test Method for Determining Material Ignition and Flame Spread Properties

    E1352 Test Method for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Mock-Up Upholstered Furniture Assemblies

    E1353 Test Methods for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Components of Upholstered Furniture

    E1354 Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter

    E1355 Guide for Evaluating the Predictive Capability of Deterministic Fire Models

    E1474 Test Method for Determining the Heat Release Rate of Upholstered Furniture and Mattress Components or Composites Using a Bench Scale Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter

    E1509 Specification for Room Heaters, Pellet Fuel-Burning Type

    E1529 Test Methods for Determining Effects of Large Hydrocarbon Pool Fires on Structural Members and Assemblies

    E1537 Test Method for Fire Testing of Upholstered Furniture

    E1590 Test Method for Fire Testing of Mattresses

    E1623 Test Method for Determination of Fire and Thermal Parameters of Materials, Products, and Systems Using an Intermediate Scale Calorimeter (ICAL)

    E1678 Test Method for Measuring Smoke Toxicity for Use in Fire Hazard Analysis

    E1725 Test Methods for Fire Tests of Fire-Resistive Barrier Systems for Electrical System Components

    E1740 Test Method for Determining the Heat Release Rate and Other Fire-Test-Response Characteristics of Wall Covering or Ceiling Covering Composites Using a Cone Calorimeter

    E1776 Guide for Development of Fire-Risk-Assessment Standards

    E1822 Test Method for Fire Testing of Stacked Chairs

    E1966 Test Method for Fire-Resistive Joint Systems

    E1995 Test Method for Measurement of Smoke Obscuration Using a Conical Radiant Source in a Single Closed Chamber, With the Test Specimen Oriented Horizontally

    E2032 Guide for Extension of Data From Fire Resistance Tests Conducted in Accordance with ASTM E 119

    E2058 Test Methods for Measurement of Synthetic Polymer Material Flammability Using a Fire Propagation Apparatus (FPA)

    E2061 Guide for Fire Hazard Assessment of Rail Transportation Vehicles

    E2067 Practice for Full-Scale Oxygen Consumption Calorimetry Fire Tests

    E2102 Test Method for Measurement of Mass Loss and Ignitability for Screening Purposes Using a Conical Radiant Heater

    E2187 Test Method for Measuring the Ignition Strength of Cigarettes

    E2226 Practice for Application of Hose Stream

    E2230 Practice for Thermal Qualification of Type B Packages for Radioactive Material

    E2231 Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Pipe and Duct Insulation Materials to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics

    E2257 Test Method for Room Fire Test of Wall and Ceiling Materials and Assemblies

    E2280 Guide for Fire Hazard Assessment of the Effect of Upholstered Seating Furniture Within Patient Rooms of Health Care Facilities

    E2307 Test Method for Determining Fire Resistance of Perimeter Fire Barriers Using Intermediate-Scale, Multi-story Test Apparatus

    E2335 Guide for Laboratory Monitors

    E2404 Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Wall or Ceiling Coverings to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics

    E2405 Test Method for Determination of Fire and Thermal Parameters of Materials Using an Intermediate Scale Test with Vertically Oriented Specimen

    E2536 Guide for Assessment of Measurement Uncertainty in Fire Tests

    E2573 Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Site-Fabricated Stretch Systems to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics

    E2574/E2574M Test Method for Fire Testing of School Bus Seat Assemblies

    E2599 Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Reflective Insulation, Radiant Barrier and Vinyl Stretch Ceiling Materials for Building Applications to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics

    E2652 Test Method for Behavior of Materials in a Tube Furnace with a Cone-shaped Airflow Stabilizer, at 750C

    E2653 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine Precision Estimates for a Fire Test Method with Fewer Than Six Participating Laboratories

    E2688 Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Tapes to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics

    E2707 Test Method for Determining Fire Penetration of Exterior Wall Assemblies Using a Direct Flame Impingement Exposure

    E2726/E2726M Test Method for Evaluating the Fire-Test-Response of Deck Structures to Burning Brands

    E2749 Practice for Measuring the Uniformity of Furnace Exposure on Test Specimens

    E2816 Test Methods for Fire Resistive Metallic HVAC Duct Systems

    E2837 Test Method for Determining the Fire Resistance of Continuity Head-of-Wall Joint Systems Installed Between Rated Wall Assemblies and Nonrated Horizontal Assemblies

    ISO Standards

    ISO 1182, Fire Tests-Building Materials-Non-Combustibility Test

    ISO 13943, Fire Safety-Vocabulary


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 01.040.13 (Environment and health protection. Safety (Vocabularies)); 13.220.20 (Fire protection)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/E0176-14B

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM E176-14b, Standard Terminology of Fire Standards, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.org

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