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Significance and Use
4.1 This practice establishes the basic parameters for the application and control of the radiographic method. This practice is written so it can be specified on the engineering drawing, specification, or contract. It is not a detailed how-to procedure to be used by the NDT facility and, therefore, must be supplemented by a detailed procedure (see 6.1). Test Methods E1030, E1032, and E1416 contain information to help develop detailed technique/procedure requirements.
1.1 This practice2 establishes the minimum requirements for radiographic examination for metallic and nonmetallic materials.
1.2 Applicability—The criteria for the radiographic examination in this practice are applicable to all types of metallic and nonmetallic materials. The requirements expressed in this practice are intended to control the quality of the radiographic images and are not intended to establish acceptance criteria for parts and materials.
1.3 Basis of Application—There are areas in this practice that may require agreement between the cognizant engineering organization and the supplier, or specific direction from the cognizant engineering organization. These items should be addressed in the purchase order or the contract.
1.3.2 Personnel qualification, 5.1.1.
1.3.3 Agency qualification, 5.1.2.
1.3.4 Digitizing techniques, 5.4.5.
1.3.5 Alternate image quality indicator (IQI) types, 5.5.3.
1.3.6 Examination sequence, 6.6.
1.3.7 Non-film techniques, 6.7.
1.3.8 Radiographic quality levels, 6.9.
1.3.9 Film density, 6.10.
1.3.10 IQI qualification exposure, 6.13.3.
1.3.11 Non-requirement for IQI, 6.18.
1.3.12 Examination coverage for welds, A2.2.2.
1.3.13 Electron beam welds, A2.3.
1.3.14 Geometric unsharpness, 6.23.
1.3.15 Responsibility for examination, 6.27.1.
1.3.16 Examination report, 6.27.2.
1.3.17 Retention of radiographs, 6.27.8.
1.3.18 Storage of radiographs, 6.27.9.
1.3.20 Acceptable parts, 6.28.1.
1.4 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E94 Guide for Radiographic Examination
E543 Specification for Agencies Performing Nondestructive Testing
E747 Practice for Design, Manufacture and Material Grouping Classification of Wire Image Quality Indicators (IQI) Used for Radiology
E801 Practice for Controlling Quality of Radiological Examination of Electronic Devices
E999 Guide for Controlling the Quality of Industrial Radiographic Film Processing
E1025 Practice for Design, Manufacture, and Material Grouping Classification of Hole-Type Image Quality Indicators (IQI) Used for Radiology
E1030 Test Method for Radiographic Examination of Metallic Castings
E1032 Test Method for Radiographic Examination of Weldments
E1079 Practice for Calibration of Transmission Densitometers
E1165 Test Method for Measurement of Focal Spots of Industrial X-Ray Tubes by Pinhole Imaging
E1254 Guide for Storage of Radiographs and Unexposed Industrial Radiographic Films
E1255 Practice for Radioscopy
E1316 Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
E1390 Specification for Illuminators Used for Viewing Industrial Radiographs
E1411 Practice for Qualification of Radioscopic Systems
E1416 Test Method for Radioscopic Examination of Weldments
E1815 Test Method for Classification of Film Systems for Industrial Radiography
E2033 Practice for Computed Radiology (Photostimulable Luminescence Method)
E2698 Practice for Radiological Examination Using Digital Detector Arrays
AWS DocumentAWSA2.4 Standard Symbols for Welding, Brazing, and Nondestructive Examination Available from American Welding Society (AWS), 550 NW LeJeune Rd., Miami, FL 33126, http://www.aws.org.
Aerospace Industries Association DocumentNAS410 Certification & Qualification of Nondestructive Test Personnel Available from Aerospace Industries Association of America, Inc. (AIA), 1000 Wilson Blvd., Suite 1700, Arlington, VA 22209-3928, http://www.aia-aerospace.org.
ASNT DocumentsANSI/ASNT-CP-189 ASNT Standard for Qualification and Certification of Nondestructive Testing Personnel
NCRP DocumentsNCRP147 Structural Shielding Design for Medical X-ray Imaging Facilities
CEN StandardsEN444 Non-Destructive Testing- General Principles for Radiographic Examination of Metallic Materials by X-and Gamma-Rays
ANSI/ISO StandardsISO5579 Non-Destructive Testing-Radiographic Examination of Metallic Materials by X-and Gamma-Rays-Basic Rules
Military StandardMIL-STD-410 Nondestructive Testing Personnel Qualification and Certification (Eddy Current, Liquid Penetrant, Magnetic Particle, Radiographic and Ultrasonic) Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, DODSSP, Bldg. 4, Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5098, http://www.dodssp.daps.mil.
ICS Number Code 19.100 (Non-destructive testing); 77.040.20 (Non-destructive testing of metals)
UNSPSC Code 26142304(Radiographic equipment)