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Significance and Use
These terms have particular application to the forensic sciences. In addition, a hierarchy of sources of definitions were used in the development of this terminology. The hierarchy is as follows: Websters New Collegiate 7th Dictionary; technical dictionaries; and the Compilation of ASTM Standard Definitions. The subcommittee developed a suitable definition after all of the sources in the hierarchy were found wanting.
1.1 This is a compilation of terms and corresponding definitions used in the forensic sciences. Legal or scientific terms that are generally understood or defined adequately in other readily available sources may not be included.
1.2 A definition is a single sentence with additional information included in a Discussion. It is reviewed every five years, and the year of last review or revision is appended.
1.3 Definitions identical to those published by another standards organization or ASTM committee are identified with the abbreviation of the name of the organization or the identifying document and ASTM committee; for example, ASME is the American Society of Mechanical Engineering.
1.4 Definitions of terms specific to a particular field are identified with an abbreviation.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics
E1187 Terminology Relating to Conformity Assessment
E1301 Guide for Proficiency Testing by Interlaboratory Comparisons
E1402 Guide for Sampling Design
E2161 Terminology Relating to Performance Validation in Thermal Analysis
ISO StandardsISO GUM Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM)
Other SourcesIUPAC Terminology IUPAC Compendium of Chemical Terminology, Second Edition, 1997
ICS Number Code 01.040.11 (Health care technology (Vocabularies)); 11.020 (Medical sciences and health care facilities in general)
ASTM E1732-12, Standard Terminology Relating to Forensic Science , ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012, www.astm.orgBack to Top