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Significance and Use
The acid-insoluble residue content is used in conjunction with other assays to determine the total composition of biomass samples.
1.1 This test method covers determination of the acid-insoluble residue of hard and soft woods, herbaceous materials (such as switchgrass and sericea), agricultural residues (such as corn stover, wheat straw, and bagasse), wastepaper (such as office waste, boxboard, and newsprint), acid and alkaline pretreated biomass, and the solid fraction of fermentation residues. All results are reported relative to the 105°C oven-dried weight of the sample.
1.2 The residue collected contains the acid-insoluble lignin and any condensed proteins from the original sample. An independent nitrogen analysis would be required to determine the acid-insoluble lignin content separate from the condensed protein fraction and is outside the scope of this test method.
1.3 A portion of the lignin in some biomass samples will remain soluble during this procedure. The total lignin in a biomass sample includes both acid-soluble lignin and lignin in the acid insoluble residue.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazards statements are given in Section 8 and Note 2 and Note 4.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E1690 Test Method for Determination of Ethanol Extractives in Biomass
E1756 Test Method for Determination of Total Solids in Biomass
E1757 Practice for Preparation of Biomass for Compositional Analysis
ICS Number Code 65.040.20 (Buildings and installations for processing and storage of agricultural produce)
UNSPSC Code 73101801(Biomass production services)
ASTM E1721-01(2009), Standard Test Method for Determination of Acid-Insoluble Residue in Biomass, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2009, www.astm.orgBack to Top