Active Standard ASTM E1680 | Developed by Subcommittee: E06.57
Book of Standards Volume: 04.11
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
This test method is a standard procedure for determining air leakage characteristics under specified air pressure differences.
Note 1—The air pressure differences acting across a building envelope vary greatly. The slope of the roof and other factors affecting air pressure differences and the implications of the resulting air leakage relative to the environment within buildings are discussed in the literature. , , These factors shall be considered fully when specifying the test pressure difference to be used.
Note 2—When applying the results of tests by this test method, note that the performance of a roof or its components, or both, may be a function of proper installation and adjustment. The performance in service will also depend on the rigidity of supporting construction, the presence of interior treatments, the roof slope, and the resistance of components to deterioration by various causes: corrosive atmospheres, aging, ice, vibration, thermal expansion, and contraction, etc. It is difficult to simulate the identical complex environmental conditions that can be encountered in service, including rapidly changing pressures due to wind gusting. Some designs are more sensitive than others to these environmental conditions.
Rates of air leakage are sometimes used for comparison purposes. The comparisons are not always valid unless the components being tested and compared are of essentially the same size, configuration, and design.
Note 3—The specimen construction discussed in 1.2 and required in 8.1 isolates a source of leakage. The rate of air leakage measured during the test method has units of cubic feet per minute per square foot (litres per second per square metre). Openings and details such as end laps or roof curbs are excluded since leakage is measured more appropriately in cubic feet per minute per foot (litres per second per metre) at these conditions. The test specimen area is relatively small; the inclusion of details will give unrealistic import to the detail's presence when compared to actual roof constructions. This test method shall not be relied on singularly to form conclusions about overall air leakage through metal roofs. A roof contains many details. Although prescribed modifications are outside the scope of this test method, an experienced testing engineer is able to use the principles presented in the test method and to generate significant data by isolating specific details and measuring leakage.
Additional leakage sources are introduced if details are included. If total leakage is then measured, the results will generally be conservative relative to tests without details. To minimize the number of tests, the specifier may allow details such as end laps when qualitative or general quantitative results are desired and the isolation of sources is not required for performance. Only one panel end lap shall be allowed. The user shall be aware of the bias when comparing alternate systems if end laps are included.
Note 4—This is a test procedure. It is the responsibility of the specifying agency to determine the specimen construction, size, and test pressures after considering the test methods' guidelines. Practical considerations suggest that every combination of panel thickness, span, and design load need not be tested in order to substantiate product performance.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the resistance of exterior metal roof panel systems to air infiltration resulting from either positive or negative air pressure differences. The test method described is for tests with constant temperature and humidity across the specimen. This test method is a specialized adaption of Test Method E283.
1.2 This test method is applicable to any roof area. This test method is intended to measure only the air leakage associated with the field of the roof, including the panel side laps and structural connections; it does not include leakage at the openings or perimeter or any other details.
1.3 The proper use of this test method requires knowledge of the principles of air flow and pressure measurements.
1.4 The text of this test method references notes and footnotes excluding tables and figures, which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes shall not be considered to be requirements of the test method.
1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific precautionary statements, see Section 7.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E283 Test Method for Determining Rate of Air Leakage Through Exterior Windows, Curtain Walls, and Doors Under Specified Pressure Differences Across the Specimen
E631 Terminology of Building Constructions
E1592 Test Method for Structural Performance of Sheet Metal Roof and Siding Systems by Uniform Static Air Pressure Difference
E1646 Test Method for Water Penetration of Exterior Metal Roof Panel Systems by Uniform Static Air Pressure Difference
Other StandardsAAMA501 Methods of Test for Metal Curtain Walls Available from Architectural Aluminum Manufacturers Association (AAMA), 1827 Walden Office Square, Suite 550, Schaumburg, IL 60173, http://www.aamanet.org.
ICS Number Code 91.060.20 (Roofs)