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Significance and Use
The purpose of this terminology standard is to help users understand and apply the large number of specialized terms used in connection with the management of lead hazards by providing a single, comprehensive, and consistent terminology.
This terminology standard includes some terms that may be encountered, but whose use is discouraged. They are included for clarification and in order to provide the user with preferred existing alternate terms.
Architectural terms for individual building components are included to promote consistency of usage and to help ensure that sampling locations are recorded with sufficient accuracy to allow independent confirmation of lead measurements, if necessary.
A discussion is attached to certain definitions to help make the definition clear or to show how the term and its definition are related to other terms.
Terms and definitions in this terminology standard are based upon laws, regulations, and practices in the United States.
Some of the definitions in this terminology standard are adopted verbatim or are adapted from definitions that are formally stated or implied in laws and regulations. They are not intended to replace the latter definitions. The user is responsible for understanding legal definitions and for ensuring that the legal obligations that are encompassed by them are fully satisfied.
Users in other countries should refer to applicable national, regional, and local laws, regulations, and practices.
1.1 This terminology standard covers definitions for the following:
1.1.1 Terms that are commonly used in the field of management of lead hazards in facilities;
1.1.2 Architectural terms, particularly those associated with older wood-frame buildings; and,
1.1.3 Specialized terms that may be encountered by users in reports and notices that are generated during lead hazard management activities.
1.2 This terminology standard is supplementary to Terminology E631.
1.3 Definitions adopted or derived from other documents include the following:
1.3.1 Some of the definitions in this terminology standard are adopted as exact copies from other sources. The source is briefly identified at the right margin following the definition and fully identified in Section 2.
1.3.2 Some of the definitions in this terminology standard are adapted from other sources. Changes in these definitions were made only to clarify the meaning, to incorporate related terms that also are defined in this terminology standard, or to ensure that the revised definition is consistent with those for related terms. The source is briefly identified with the words “adapted” at the right margin following the definition, and is fully identified in Section 2.
1.4 Terms within the definitions that are shown in boldface are defined in this terminology standard.
1.5 This terminology standard excludes the following:
1.5.1 Terms with a common dictionary meaning, except in cases where there is a specialized definition within the field of lead hazard management.
1.5.2 Terms that are used only in individual ASTM standards in which they are defined adequately, whether formally or by the context in which they appear.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C186 Test Method for Heat of Hydration of Hydraulic Cement
C859 Terminology Relating to Nuclear Materials
D16 Terminology for Paint, Related Coatings, Materials, and Applications
D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles
D661 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Cracking of Exterior Paints
D772 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Flaking (Scaling) of Exterior Paints
D907 Terminology of Adhesives
D2864 Terminology Relating to Electrical Insulating Liquids and Gases
D4214 Test Methods for Evaluating the Degree of Chalking of Exterior Paint Films
D4538 Terminology Relating to Protective Coating and Lining Work for Power Generation Facilities
E7 Terminology Relating to Metallography
E131 Terminology Relating to Molecular Spectroscopy
E135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
E344 Terminology Relating to Thermometry and Hydrometry
E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics
E631 Terminology of Building Constructions
E856 Definitions of Terms and Abbreviations Relating to Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Refuse Derived Fuel
E1187 Terminology Relating to Conformity Assessment
E1227 Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Metals
E1553 Practice for Collection of Airborne Particulate Lead During Abatement and Construction Activities
E1613 Test Method for Determination of Lead by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES), Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (FAAS), or Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (GFAAS) Techniques
E1644 Practice for Hot Plate Digestion of Dust Wipe Samples for the Determination of Lead
E1728 Practice for Collection of Settled Dust Samples Using Wipe Sampling Methods for Subsequent Lead Determination
E1777 Guide for Prioritization of Data Needs for Pavement Management
E1792 Specification for Wipe Sampling Materials for Lead in Surface Dust
E1796 Guide for Selection and Use of Liquid Coating Encapsulation Products for Leaded Paint in Buildings
E1908 Guide for Sample Selection of Debris Waste from a Building Renovation or Lead Abatement Project for Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) Testing for Leachable Lead (Pb)
E1914 Practice for Use of Terms Relating to the Development and Evaluation of Methods for Chemical Analysis
E1979 Practice for Ultrasonic Extraction of Paint, Dust, Soil, and Air Samples for Subsequent Determination of Lead
E2052 Guide for Evaluation, Management, and Control of Lead Hazards in Facilities
E2239 Practice for Record Keeping and Record Preservation for Lead Hazard Activities
E2255 Practice for Conducting Visual Assessments for Lead Hazards in Buildings
E2271 Practice for Clearance Examinations Following Lead Hazard Reduction Activities in Dwellings, and in Other Child-Occupied Facilities
F141 Terminology Relating to Resilient Floor Coverings
F221 Terminology Relating to Carbon Paper and Inked Ribbon Products and Images Made Therefrom
F1156 Terminology Relating to Product Counterfeit Protection Systems
G40 Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion
Code of Federal Regulations40CFR745.223 Lead-Based Paint Poisoning Prevention in Certain Residential Structures-Definitions
ISO StandardsISO9000–2000 Quality Management Systems Fundamentals and Vocabulary
ICS Number Code 13.040.40 (Stationary source emissions)
UNSPSC Code 11101714(Lead)