ASTM E154 / E154M - 08a(2013)e1

    Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Retarders Used in Contact with Earth Under Concrete Slabs, on Walls, or as Ground Cover

    Active Standard ASTM E154 / E154M | Developed by Subcommittee: E06.21

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.11


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 In service, vapor retarders may be exposed to a variety of conditions, so no one test will provide evaluations related to performance for all exposures (refer to Guide E241 and Practice C755). Neither will all test methods listed be necessary in all evaluations for specific exposures (see 16.2).

    4.2 Limitations—Prior to use and in service, vapor retarders may be exposed to a variety of conditions so no one test will provide evaluations related to performance for all exposures (refer to Guide E241 and Practice C755). Neither will all tests be necessary in all evaluations for specific exposures. Consequently, the tests and required test results shall be agreed upon by the purchaser and the supplier (see 16.2).

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods2 cover the determination of the properties of flexible membranes to be used as vapor retarders in contact with earth under concrete slabs, against walls, or as ground cover in crawl spaces. The test methods are applicable primarily to plastic films and other flexible sheets. The materials are not intended to be subjected to sustained hydrostatic pressure. The procedures simulate conditions to which vapor retarders may be subjected prior to and during installation, and in service.

    1.2 The test methods included are:

     

    Section

    Water-Vapor Transmission of Material as Received

     7

    Water-Vapor Transmission after Wetting and Drying and after Long-
     Time Soaking

     8

    Tensile Strength

     9

    Resistance to Puncture

    10

    Resistance to Plastic Flow and Elevated Temperature

    11

    Effect of Low Temperatures on Flexibility

    12

    Resistance to Deterioration from Organisms and Substances in Con-
     tacting Soil

    13

    Resistance to Deterioration from Petroleum Vehicles for Soil Poisons

    14

    Resistance to Deterioration from Exposure to Ultraviolet Light

    15

    Resistance to Flame Spread

    16

    Report

    17


    1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C168 Terminology Relating to Thermal Insulation

    C755 Practice for Selection of Water Vapor Retarders for Thermal Insulation

    D828 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Paper and Paperboard Using Constant-Rate-of-Elongation Apparatus

    D882 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Thin Plastic Sheeting

    D1709 Test Methods for Impact Resistance of Plastic Film by the Free-Falling Dart Method

    D1985 Practice for Preparing Concrete Blocks for Testing Sealants, for Joints and Cracks

    D2565 Practice for Xenon-Arc Exposure of Plastics Intended for Outdoor Applications

    D4397 Specification for Polyethylene Sheeting for Construction, Industrial, and Agricultural Applications

    E84 Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials

    E96/E96M Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials

    E241 Guide for Limiting Water-Induced Damage to Buildings

    E437 Specification for Industrial Wire Cloth and Screens (Square Opening Series) (Discontinued 2000) Replaced by E 2016

    E631 Terminology of Building Constructions

    F1249 Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission Rate Through Plastic Film and Sheeting Using a Modulated Infrared Sensor


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.100.30 (Concrete and concrete products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12164200(Retarders); 30121704(Concrete slab)


    DOI: 10.1520/E0154_E0154M-08AR13E01

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