Active Standard ASTM E154 / E154M | Developed by Subcommittee: E06.21
Book of Standards Volume: 04.11
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
4.1 In service, vapor retarders may be exposed to a variety of conditions, so no one test will provide evaluations related to performance for all exposures (refer to Guide E241 and Practice C755). Neither will all test methods listed be necessary in all evaluations for specific exposures (see 16.2).
4.2 Limitations—Prior to use and in service, vapor retarders may be exposed to a variety of conditions so no one test will provide evaluations related to performance for all exposures (refer to Guide E241 and Practice C755). Neither will all tests be necessary in all evaluations for specific exposures. Consequently, the tests and required test results shall be agreed upon by the purchaser and the supplier (see 16.2).
1.1 These test methods2 cover the determination of the properties of flexible membranes to be used as vapor retarders in contact with earth under concrete slabs, against walls, or as ground cover in crawl spaces. The test methods are applicable primarily to plastic films and other flexible sheets. The materials are not intended to be subjected to sustained hydrostatic pressure. The procedures simulate conditions to which vapor retarders may be subjected prior to and during installation, and in service.
Water-Vapor Transmission of Material as Received
Water-Vapor Transmission after Wetting and Drying and after Long-
Resistance to Puncture
Resistance to Plastic Flow and Elevated Temperature
Effect of Low Temperatures on Flexibility
Resistance to Deterioration from Organisms and Substances in Con-
Resistance to Deterioration from Petroleum Vehicles for Soil Poisons
Resistance to Deterioration from Exposure to Ultraviolet Light
Resistance to Flame Spread
1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C168 Terminology Relating to Thermal Insulation
C755 Practice for Selection of Water Vapor Retarders for Thermal Insulation
D828 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Paper and Paperboard Using Constant-Rate-of-Elongation Apparatus
D882 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Thin Plastic Sheeting
D1709 Test Methods for Impact Resistance of Plastic Film by the Free-Falling Dart Method
D1985 Practice for Preparing Concrete Blocks for Testing Sealants, for Joints and Cracks
D2565 Practice for Xenon-Arc Exposure of Plastics Intended for Outdoor Applications
D4397 Specification for Polyethylene Sheeting for Construction, Industrial, and Agricultural Applications
E84 Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
E96/E96M Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials
E241 Guide for Limiting Water-Induced Damage to Buildings
E437 Specification for Industrial Wire Cloth and Screens (Square Opening Series) (Discontinued 2000) Replaced by E 2016
E631 Terminology of Building Constructions
F1249 Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission Rate Through Plastic Film and Sheeting Using a Modulated Infrared Sensor
ICS Number Code 91.100.30 (Concrete and concrete products)
UNSPSC Code 12164200(Retarders); 30121704(Concrete slab)