ASTM E1491 - 06(2012)

    Standard Test Method for Minimum Autoignition Temperature of Dust Clouds

    Active Standard ASTM E1491 | Developed by Subcommittee: E27.05

    Book of Standards Volume: 14.02


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method provides a procedure for performing laboratory tests to determine the minimum autoignition temperature (MAIT) of a dust cloud.

    5.2 The test data developed from this test method can be used to limit the temperature to which a dust cloud is exposed so as to prevent ignition of the cloud. Because of the short duration of the test, the data obtained are most applicable to industrial equipment where dust is present as a cloud for a short time. Because of the small scale of the test and the possible variation of the MAIT value with scale, the data obtained by this test method may not be directly applicable to all industrial conditions.

    5.3 The MAIT data can also be used in conjunction with minimum spark ignition data to evaluate the hazards of grinding and impact sparks in the presence of dust clouds (1 and 2).3

    5.4 The test values obtained are specific to the sample tested, the method used, and the test equipment utilized. The test values are not to be considered intrinsic material constants, but may be used as a relative measure of the temperature at which a dust cloud self ignites.

    5.5 The test data are for cloud ignition. Dust in the form of a layer may ignite at significantly lower temperatures than the same dust in the form of a cloud (3). For liquid chemicals, see Test Method E659.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the minimum temperature at which a given dust cloud will autoignite when exposed to air heated in a furnace at local atmospheric pressure.

    1.2 Data obtained from this test method provide a relative measure of dust cloud autoignition temperatures.

    1.3 This test method should be used to measure and describe the properties of materials, products, or assemblies in response to heat and flame under controlled laboratory conditions and should not be used to describe or appraise the fire hazard or fire risk of materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions. However, results of this test method may be used as elements of a fire risk assessment which takes into account all of the factors which are pertinent to an assessment of the fire hazard of a particular end use.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D3173 Test Method for Moisture in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke

    D3175 Test Method for Volatile Matter in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke

    E659 Test Method for Autoignition Temperature of Liquid Chemicals

    E1226 Test Method for Explosibility of Dust Clouds


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.230 (Explosion protection)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/E1491-06R12

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