Significance and Use
This practice provides a means for obtaining a quantitative estimate of a pavement property defined as ride quality or rideability using longitudinal profile measuring equipment.
The Ride Number (RN) is portable because it can be obtained from longitudinal profiles obtained with a variety of instruments.
The RN is stable with time because true RN is based on the concept of a true longitudinal profile, rather than the physical properties of particular type of instrument.
Ride quality information is a useful input to the pavement manage systems (PMS) maintained by transportation agencies.
The subjective ride quality estimate produced by this practice has been determined (6) to be highly correlated (r = 0.92) with measured subjective ride quality and to produce a low standard estimate of error (0.29 RN units) for the ride quality estimate.
The subjective ride quality estimates produced by this practice were found to be not significantly different with respect to pavement type, road class, vehicle size, vehicle speed (within posted speed limits), and regionality over the range of variables included in the experiment (1, 2, 3, and 4).
The subjective ride quality estimates produced by this practice have been found to be good predictors of the need of non-routine road maintenance for the various road classifications (3).
The use of this practice to produce subjective ride quality estimates from measured longitudinal profile eliminates the need for expensive ride panel studies to obtain the same ride quality information.
1.1 This practice covers the mathematical processing of longitudinal profile measurements to produce an estimate of subjective ride quality, termed Ride Number (RN).
1.2 The intent of this practice is to provide the highway community a standard practice for the computing and reporting of an estimate of subjective ride quality for highway pavements.
1.3 This practice is based on an algorithm developed in National Cooperative Highway Research Project (NCHRP) 1–23 (1 and 2), two Ohio Department of Transportation ride quality research projects (3 and 4), and work presented in Refs (5 and 6).
1.4 The computed estimate of subjective ride quality produced by this practice was named Ride Number (RN) in NCHRP Research Project 1–23 (1 and 2) to differentiate it from other measures of ride quality computed from longitudinal profile. Eq 1 of Section 8.2 represents the mathematical definition of Ride Number.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E867 Terminology Relating to Vehicle-Pavement Systems
E950 Test Method for Measuring the Longitudinal Profile of Traveled Surfaces with an Accelerometer Established Inertial Profiling Reference
E1170 Practices for Simulating Vehicular Response to Longitudinal Profiles of Traveled Surfaces
E1364 Test Method for Measuring Road Roughness by Static Level Method
E1500 Practice for Computing Mean Square Numerics from Road Surface Elevation Profile Records
E1656 Guide for Classification of Automated Pavement Condition Survey Equipment
E1927 Guide for Conducting Subjective Pavement Ride Quality Ratings
longitudinal profile; mean panel ratings (MPR); panel rating; pavement ride quality; profile index; rideability; ride number (RN); subjective ride quality; subjective ride quality estimate; Inertial measurement; Longitudinal profile; Mean panel rating (MPR); Pavement ride quality; Ride number (RN); Subjective ride quality;
ICS Number Code 93.080.99 (Other standards related to road engineering)
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