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Significance and Use
This practice describes the essential components of an inductively-coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometer (ICP-AES). The components include excitation/radio-frequency generators, sample introduction systems, spectrometers, detectors, and signal processing and displays. This description allows the user or potential user to gain a cursory understanding of an ICP-AES system. This practice also provides a means for comparing and evaluating various systems, as well as understanding the capabilities and limitations of each instrument.
Training—The vendor should provide training in safety, basic theory of ICP spectrochemical analysis, operations of hardware and software, and routine maintenance for at least one operator. Training ideally should consist of the basic operation of the instrument at the time of installation, followed by an in-depth course one or two months later. Advanced courses are also offered at several of the important spectroscopy meetings that occur throughout the year as well as by independent training institutes. Furthermore, several independent consultants are available who can provide training, in most cases at the user's site.
1.1 This practice describes the components of an inductively-coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometer (ICP-AES) that are basic to its operation and to the quality of its performance. This practice identifies critical factors affecting accuracy, precision, and sensitivity. It is not the intent of this practice to specify component tolerances or performance criteria, since these are unique for each instrument. A prospective user should consult with the vendor before placing an order, to design a testing protocol to demonstrate that the instrument meets all anticipated needs.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific safety hazard statements are given in Section 13.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
E158 Practice for Fundamental Calculations to Convert Intensities into Concentrations in Optical Emission Spectrochemical Analysis
E172 Practice for Describing and Specifying the Excitation Source in Emission Spectrochemical Analysis
E416 Practice for Planning and Safe Operation of a Spectrochemical Laboratory
E520 Practice for Describing Photomultiplier Detectors in Emission and Absorption Spectrometry
ICS Number Code 17.180.30 (Optical measuring instruments)
UNSPSC Code 41115411(Inductively coupled plasma ICP spectrometers)
ASTM E1479-99(2011), Standard Practice for Describing and Specifying Inductively-Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometers, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.orgBack to Top