ASTM E1417 / E1417M - 13

    Standard Practice for Liquid Penetrant Testing

    Active Standard ASTM E1417 / E1417M | Developed by Subcommittee: E07.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.03


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 This practice establishes the basic parameters for controlling the application of the liquid penetrant method. This practice is written so it can be specified on the engineering drawing, specification, or contract. It is not a detailed how-to procedure to be used by the inspector and, therefore, must be supplemented by a detailed procedure that conforms to the requirements of this practice. Specification E165 contains information to help develop detailed requirements.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice establishes the minimum requirements for conducting liquid penetrant examination of nonporous metal, and nonmetal components.

    Note 1This practice replaces MIL-STD-6866.

    1.2 The penetrant examination processes described in this practice are applicable to in-process, final, and maintenance (in-service) examinations. These processes are applicable for the detection of discontinuities, such as lack of fusion, corrosion, cracks, laps, cold shuts, and porosity, that are open or connected to the surface of the component under examination.

    1.3 Caution must be exercised in the usage of elevated temperature with components manufactured from thermoplastic materials. Also, some cleaners, penetrants, and developers can have a deleterious effect on nonmetallic materials such as plastics. Prior to examination, tests should be conducted to ensure that none of the cleaning or examination materials are harmful to the components to be examined.

    1.4 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.5 All areas of this practice may be open to agreement between the cognizant engineering organization and the supplier, or specific direction from the cognizant engineering organization.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D95 Test Method for Water in Petroleum Products and Bituminous Materials by Distillation

    D2512 Test Method for Compatibility of Materials with Liquid Oxygen (Impact Sensitivity Threshold and Pass-Fail Techniques)

    D6304 Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration

    E165 Practice for Liquid Penetrant Examination for General Industry

    E543 Specification for Agencies Performing Nondestructive Testing

    E1135 Test Method for Comparing the Brightness of Fluorescent Penetrants

    E1316 Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    E2297 Guide for Use of UV-A and Visible Light Sources and Meters used in the Liquid Penetrant and Magnetic Particle Methods

    ASNT Standards

    ANSI/ASNT-CP-189 Standard for Qualification and Certification of Nondestructive Testing Personnel

    Military Standards

    MIL-STD-45662 Calibration System Requirements

    MIL-STD-792 Identification Marking Requirements for Special Purpose Components

    QPL-AMS-2644 Qualified Products List, Inspection Material, Penetrant


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 19.040 (Environmental testing)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 73121614(Non destructive testing service)


    DOI: 10.1520/E1417_E1417M

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