Significance and Use
This practice establishes the basic parameters for controlling the application of the liquid penetrant method. This practice is written so it can be specified on the engineering drawing, specification, or contract. It is not a detailed how-to procedure to be used by the inspector and, therefore, must be supplemented by a detailed procedure that conforms to the requirements of this practice. Specification E165 contains information to help develop detailed requirements.
1.1 This practice establishes the minimum requirements for conducting liquid penetrant examination of nonporous metal, and nonmetal components.
Note 1—This practice replaces MIL-STD-6866.
1.2 The penetrant examination processes described in this practice are applicable to in-process, final, and maintenance (in-service) examinations. These processes are applicable for the detection of discontinuities, such as lack of fusion, corrosion, cracks, laps, cold shuts, and porosity, that are open or connected to the surface of the component under examination.
1.3 Caution must be exercised in the usage of elevated temperature with components manufactured from thermoplastic materials. Also, some cleaners, penetrants, and developers can have a deleterious effect on nonmetallic materials such as plastics. Prior to examination, tests should be conducted to ensure that none of the cleaning or examination materials are harmful to the components to be examined.
1.4 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.5 All areas of this practice may be open to agreement between the cognizant engineering organization and the supplier, or specific direction from the cognizant engineering organization.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D95 Test Method for Water in Petroleum Products and Bituminous Materials by Distillation
D2512 Test Method for Compatibility of Materials with Liquid Oxygen (Impact Sensitivity Threshold and Pass-Fail Techniques)
D6304 Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
E165 Practice for Liquid Penetrant Examination for General Industry
E543 Specification for Agencies Performing Nondestructive Testing
E1135 Test Method for Comparing the Brightness of Fluorescent Penetrants
E1316 Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
E2297 Guide for Use of UV-A and Visible Light Sources and Meters used in the Liquid Penetrant and Magnetic Particle Methods
MIL-STD-45662 Calibration System Requirements
dye liquid penetrant examination; dye penetrant examination; fluorescent liquid penetrant examination; fluorescent penetrant examination; liquid penetrant examination; liquid penetrant examination; liquid penetrant testing; nondestructive; nondestructive evaluation; nondestructive examination; nondestructive examination; nondestructive testing; penetrant examination; penetrant examination; penetrant testing; Discontinuities; Dye penetrant inspection; Engineering applications; Fluorescent liquid penetrant testing; Hydrophilic emulsifiers; Karl Fischer reagent method; Lipophilic emulsification; Liquid penetration; Metals and metallic materials; Nondestructive evaluation (NDE); Nonmetallic materials; Nonporous materials; Penetrant inspection; Surface analysis--metals/alloys
ICS Number Code 19.040 (Environmental testing)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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