ASTM E1311 - 14

    Standard Practice for Minimum Detectable Temperature Difference for Thermal Imaging Systems

    Active Standard ASTM E1311 | Developed by Subcommittee: E07.10

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.03


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This practice gives a measure of a thermal imaging system's effectiveness for detecting a small spot within a large background. Thus, it relates to the detection of small material defects such as voids, pits, cracks, inclusions, and occlusions.

    5.2 MDTD values provide estimates of detection capability that may be used to compare one system with another. (Lower MDTD values indicate better detection capability.)

    5.3 Due to the partially subjective nature of the procedure, repeatability and reproducibility are apt to be poor and MDTD differences less than 0.2°C are considered to be insignificant.

    Note 2: Values obtained under idealized laboratory conditions may or may not correlate directly with service performance.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers the determination of the minimum detectable temperature difference (MDTD) capability of a compound observer-thermal imaging system as a function of the angle subtended by the target.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E1316 Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations


    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/E1311-14

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM E1311-14, Standard Practice for Minimum Detectable Temperature Difference for Thermal Imaging Systems, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.org

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