Significance and Use
4.1 This practice provides users with current methods for preconditioning, handling, processing, and means of characterizing the materials that are produced.
4.2 Lime and fly ash, and mixtures of lime and fly ash can be useful for treating hazardous and nonhazardous waste as follows:
4.2.1 Treating hazardous waste for potential resource recovery application,
4.2.2 Solidifying liquids and sludges that are banned from land disposal because of excess free liquid content,
4.2.3 Treating hazardous waste that may require treatment because of hazardous constituents prior to land disposal, and,
4.2.4 Treating hazardous waste for potential delisting to a nonhazardous waste status. Each one of these applications, however, must comply with requirements of the Resource Recovery and Conservation Act and the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments.
1.1 This practice provides descriptions and references of existing test methods and commercial practices relating to the processing of lime, fly ash, and heavy metal wastes in construction applications.
1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C5 Specification for Quicklime for Structural Purposes
C25 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Limestone, Quicklime, and Hydrated Lime
C109/C109M Test Method for Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortars (Using 2-in. or [50-mm] Cube Specimens)
C110 Test Methods for Physical Testing of Quicklime, Hydrated Lime, and Limestone
C206 Specification for Finishing Hydrated Lime
C207 Specification for Hydrated Lime for Masonry Purposes
C311 Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Fly Ash or Natural Pozzolans for Use in Portland-Cement Concrete
C400 Test Methods for Quicklime and Hydrated Lime for Neutralization of Waste Acid
C593 Specification for Fly Ash and Other Pozzolans for Use With Lime for Soil Stabilization
C618 Specification for Coal Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use in Concrete
C821 Specification for Lime for Use with Pozzolans
C911 Specification for Quicklime, Hydrated Lime, and Limestone for Selected Chemical and Industrial Uses
C977 Specification for Quicklime and Hydrated Lime for Soil Stabilization
D559 Test Methods for Wetting and Drying Compacted Soil-Cement Mixtures
D560 Test Methods for Freezing and Thawing Compacted Soil-Cement Mixtures
D1557 Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN-m/m3))
D1633 Test Methods for Compressive Strength of Molded Soil-Cement Cylinders
D2434 Test Method for Permeability of Granular Soils (Constant Head)
D2435 Test Methods for One-Dimensional Consolidation Properties of Soils Using Incremental Loading
D3877 Test Methods for One-Dimensional Expansion, Shrinkage, and Uplift Pressure of Soil-Lime Mixtures
D3987 Test Method for Shake Extraction of Solid Waste with Water
D4318 Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit, and Plasticity Index of Soils
E850 Guide for Characterization of Inorganic Process Wastes for Use as Structural Fill
Environmental Protection Agency Documents
EPA/540-2-86-001 Handbook for Stabilization/Solidification of Hazardous Waste, Superfund Document
Code of Federal Regulations
40 CFR 268Hazardous Waste Management System; Land Disposal Restrictions; and California List Constituents
Department of the Interior Document
U.S. Department of the Interior Earth Manual (Section Edition), 1974 Available from Bureau of Reclamation, Department of the Interior, Code D/7923A, P.O. Box 25007, Denver, CO 80225.
Corps of Engineers Document
1110-2-1906 Permeability of Fine Materials, Falling Head Aug. 12, 1987. Available from Department of the Army, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Public Depot, 2803 52nd Ave., Hyattsville, MD 20781.
ICS Number Code 91.100.15 (Mineral materials and products)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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