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Significance and Use
5.1 The fan pressurization procedure provides a relatively fast evaluation of the airtightness of building envelopes. In order for the accuracy of the test results to be known, the airflow rate measurement technique of the fan pressurization system must be calibrated.
5.2 This test method is applicable to fan pressurization systems that are installed in an opening in the building envelope, as opposed to pressurization techniques involving the mechanical ventilation system of the building.
5.3 The technique of pressurization testing of buildings puts specific requirements on the calibration of fan pressurization systems. The calibration must cover the range of fan pressure differences (approximately 12.5 to 75 Pa) that is induced during pressurization tests. The calibration must also cover a range in fan airflow rates corresponding to the range in building size and airtightness that the fan pressurization system will encounter in the field.
5.4 The fan pressurization system must be calibrated in both directions of airflow used to pressurize and depressurize a building if the system airflow direction is reversible. These two calibrations can be conducted using the various setups described in this test method; however some of the setups can be combined such that a single calibration facility can be used to calibrate the fan in both directions. Such a single setup may involve moving the fan pressurization system from one end of the chamber to the other, reversing the orientation of the system at the same end of the chamber, or it may not require moving the system at all.
5.7 The calibration technique is intended to provide a complete calibration of a fan pressurization system. After calibrating several systems of an identical or similar design, the fan airflow rate may be found to be independent of certain parameters such as fan pressure difference. Other simplifying relations between fan airflow rate and fan speed or fan signal may be observed. If these relations are observed, a manufacturer or other calibrator may choose to simplify the calibration procedure by reducing the number of calibration points.
5.8 The use of fan pressurization systems in actual buildings introduces additional factors that may cause errors in the airflow rate measurement that are not accounted for by the calibration. These factors include operator and weather effects and interference from internal partitions and other obstructions.
1.2 This test method is applicable to systems used for air leakage measurement as described in Practice E779.
1.3 This test method involves the installation of the fan pressurization system in a calibration chamber. Use of the fan pressurization system in an actual building may introduce additional errors in the airflow measurement due to operator influence, interference of internal partitions and furnishings, weather effects, and other factors.
1.5 This standard includes two basic procedures, a preferred procedure, based on ASHRAE 51/AMCA 210, and an optional procedure based on a nonstandard airflow measurement technique, commonly used by manufacturers of fan pressurization devices, but which has not been compared with standard airflow measurement techniques.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
American Society of Mechanical Engineers StandardASMEMFC-3M Standard Measurement of Fluid Flow in Pipes Using Orifice, Nozzle, and Venturi
American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers StandardASHRAE51/AMCA210 Laboratory Methods for Testing Fans for Rating
E631 Terminology of Building Constructions
E779 Test Method for Determining Air Leakage Rate by Fan Pressurization
ICS Number Code 23.120 (Ventilators. Fans. Air-conditioners)
UNSPSC Code 41110000(Measuring and observing and testing instruments)