Active Standard ASTM E104 | Developed by Subcommittee: D22.11
Book of Standards Volume: 11.07
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
Standard value relative humidity environments are important for conditioning materials in shelf-life studies or in the testing of mechanical properties such as dimensional stability and strength. Relative humidity is also an important operating variable for the calibration of many species of measuring instruments.e and rate of degradation and the performance rankings produced by exposures to unfiltered open-flame carbon-arcs can be much different from that produced by exposures to other types of laboratory light sources. Typically, exposures conducted according to this practice will produce degradation faster than similar exposures conducted according to Practice D822 or D5031 and may cause different types of degradation.
4.3 Reproducibility of test results between laboratories has been shown to be good when the stability of materials is evaluated in terms of performance ranking compared to other materials or to a control.4,5 Therefore, exposure of a similar material of known performance (a control) at the same time as the test materials is strongly recommended. It is recommended that at least three replicates of each material be exposed to allow for statistical evaluation of results.
4.4 Test results will depend upon the care that is taken to operate the equipment. Significant factors include regulation of line voltage, freedom from salt or other deposits from water, temperature and humidity control, and conditions of the electrodes.
1.1 This practice describes one method for generating constant relative humidity (rh) environments in relatively small containers.
1.2 This practice is applicable for obtaining constant relative humidities ranging from dryness to near saturation at temperatures spanning from 0 to 50°C.
1.3 This practice is applicable for closed systems such as environmental conditioning containers and for the calibration of hygrometers.
1.4 This practice is not recommended for the generation of continuous (flowing) streams of constant humidity unless precautionary criteria are followed to ensure source stability. (See Section 9.)
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For more specific safety precautionary information see 1.5 and 10.1.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D1356 Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres
Other DocumentDIN50008 Konstantklimate uber waesserigen Loseungen (Constant Climates Over Aqueous Solutions).Part 1: Saturated Salt and Glycerol Solutions. Published by Deutsches Institut fr Normung, 4-10 Burggrzfenstrasse Postfach 1107, D-1000 Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany. Also available from ANSI Publication Office, New York, NY.
ICS Number Code 19.040 (Environmental testing)
UNSPSC Code 41112301(Hygrometers)