ASTM E1030 - 05(2011)

    Standard Test Method for Radiographic Examination of Metallic Castings

    Active Standard ASTM E1030 | Developed by Subcommittee: E07.01

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.03


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    Significance and Use

    The requirements expressed in this test method are intended to control the quality of the radiographic images, to produce satisfactory and consistent results, and are not intended for controlling the acceptability or quality of materials or products.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method provides a uniform procedure for radiographic examination of metallic castings using radiographic film as the recording medium.

    1.2 Due to the many complex geometries and part configurations inherent with cast products, it is necessary to recognize potential limitations associated with obtaining complete radiographic coverage on castings. Radiography of areas where geometry or part configuration does not allow achievement of complete coverage with practical radiographic methods shall be subject to mutual agreements between purchaser and supplier. The use of alternative nondestructive methods for areas that are not conducive to practical radiography shall also be specifically agreed upon between purchaser and supplier.

    1.3 The radiographic method is highly sensitive to volumetric discontinuities that displace a detectable volume of cast material. Discontinuities that do not displace an appreciable volume of material, however, such as cracks or other planar-type indications, may not be detected with radiography unless the radiation beam is coincidentally aligned with the planar orientation of the discontinuity. In view of this limitation, it may be considered appropriate to use the radiographic method in conjunction with additional nondestructive methods that maintain reliable detection capabilities for these types of discontinuities. The use of additional methods shall be specifically agreed upon between the purchaser and supplier.

    1.4 The radiographic techniques stated herein provide adequate assurance for defect detectability; however, it is recognized that, for special applications, specific techniques using more or less stringent requirements may be required than those specified. In these cases, the use of alternate radiographic techniques shall be as agreed upon between purchaser and supplier (also see Section 5).

    1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E94 Guide for Radiographic Examination

    E155 Reference Radiographs for Inspection of Aluminum and Magnesium Castings

    E186 Reference Radiographs for Heavy-Walled (2 to 412-in. (50.8 to 114-mm)) Steel Castings

    E192 Reference Radiographs of Investment Steel Castings for Aerospace Applications

    E272 Reference Radiographs for High-Strength Copper-Base and Nickel-Copper Alloy Castings

    E280 Reference Radiographs for Heavy-Walled (412 to 12-in. (114 to 305-mm)) Steel Castings

    E310 Reference Radiographs for Tin Bronze Castings

    E446 Reference Radiographs for Steel Castings Up to 2 in. (50.8 mm) in Thickness

    E505 Reference Radiographs for Inspection of Aluminum and Magnesium Die Castings

    E543 Specification for Agencies Performing Nondestructive Testing

    E689 Reference Radiographs for Ductile Iron Castings

    E747 Practice for Design, Manufacture and Material Grouping Classification of Wire Image Quality Indicators (IQI) Used for Radiology

    E802 Reference Radiographs for Gray Iron Castings Up to 412 in. (114 mm) in Thickness

    E999 Guide for Controlling the Quality of Industrial Radiographic Film Processing

    E1025 Practice for Design, Manufacture, and Material Grouping Classification of Hole-Type Image Quality Indicators (IQI) Used for Radiology

    E1079 Practice for Calibration of Transmission Densitometers

    E1254 Guide for Storage of Radiographs and Unexposed Industrial Radiographic Films

    E1316 Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    E1320 Reference Radiographs for Titanium Castings

    E1815 Test Method for Classification of Film Systems for Industrial Radiography

    ASNT/ANSI Standards

    CP-189 Qualification and Certification of Nondestructive Testing Personnel

    Other Standards

    ISO5579 Non-Destructive Testing-Radiographic Examination of Metallic Materials by X-and Gamma-rays--Basic Rules


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.140.80 (Iron and steel castings)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/E1030-05R11

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM E1030-05(2011), Standard Test Method for Radiographic Examination of Metallic Castings, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.org

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