ASTM E1004 - 09

    Standard Test Method for Determining Electrical Conductivity Using the Electromagnetic (Eddy-Current) Method

    Active Standard ASTM E1004 | Developed by Subcommittee: E07.07

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.03


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    ASTM E1004

    Significance and Use

    Absolute probe coil methods, when used in conjunction with reference standards of known value, provide a means for determining the electrical conductivity of nonmagnetic materials.

    Electrical conductivity of a sample can be used as a means of determining: (1) type of metal or alloy, (2) type of heat treatment (for aluminum this evaluation should be used in conjunction with a hardness examination), (3) aging of the alloy, (4) effects of corrosion, and (5) heat damage.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers a procedure for determining the electrical conductivity of nonmagnetic metals using the electromagnetic (eddy-current) method. The procedure has been written primarily for use with commercially available direct reading electrical conductivity instruments. General purpose eddy-current instruments may also be used for electrical conductivity measurements but will not be addressed in this test method.

    1.2 This test method is applicable to metals that have either a flat or slightly curved surface and includes metals with or without a thin nonconductive coating.

    1.3 Eddy-current determinations of electrical conductivity may be used in the sorting of metals with respect to variables such as type of alloy, aging, cold deformation, heat treatment, effects associated with non-uniform heating or overheating, and effects of corrosion. The usefulness of the examinations of these properties is dependent on the amount of electrical conductivity change caused by a change in the specific variable.

    1.4 Electrical conductivity, when evaluated with eddy-current instruments, is usually expressed as a percentage of the conductivity of the International Annealed Copper Standard (IACS). The conductivity of the Annealed Copper Standard is defined to be 0.58 × 108 S/m (100 % IACS) at 20°C.

    1.5 The values stated in SI units are regarded as standard.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    AIA Document

    NAS–410 Certification and Qualification of Nondestructive Testing Personnel Available from Aerospace Industries Association of America, Inc. (AIA), 1000 Wilson Blvd., Suite 1700, Arlington, VA 22209-3928, http://www.aia-aerospace.org.

    ASTM Standards

    B193 Test Method for Resistivity of Electrical Conductor Materials

    E105 Practice for Probability Sampling of Materials

    E122 Practice for Calculating Sample Size to Estimate, With Specified Precision, the Average for a Characteristic of a Lot or Process

    E543 Specification for Agencies Performing Nondestructive Testing

    E1316 Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    ASNT Documents

    ANSI/ASNT-CP-189 Standard for Qualification and Certification of NDT Personnel


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 17.220.20 (Measurement of electrical and magnetic quantities)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/E1004-09

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