ASTM D975 - 14

    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

    Active Standard ASTM D975 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.E0

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.01


      Format Pages Price  
    PDF Version 25 $60.00   ADD TO CART
    Print Version 25 $60.00   ADD TO CART
    Standard + Redline PDF Bundle 50 $72.00   ADD TO CART


    Abstract

    This specification covers seven grades of diesel fuel oils suitable for various types of diesel engines. These grades are: Grade No. 1-D S15; Grade No. 1-D S500; Grade No. 1-D S5000; Grade No. 2-D S15; Grade No. 2-D S500; Grade No. 2-D S5000; and Grade No. 4-D. The requirements specified for diesel fuel oils shall be determined in accordance with the following test methods: flash point; cloud point; water and sediment; carbon residue; ash; distillation; viscosity; sulfur; copper corrosion; cetane number; cetane index; aromaticity; lubricity; and conductivity.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers seven grades of diesel fuel oils suitable for various types of diesel engines. These grades are described as follows:

    1.1.1 Grade No. 1-D S15—A special-purpose, light middle distillate fuel for use in diesel engine applications requiring a fuel with 15 ppm sulfur (maximum) and higher volatility than that provided by Grade No. 2-D S15 fuel.2

    1.1.2 Grade No. 1-D S500—A special-purpose, light middle distillate fuel for use in diesel engine applications requiring a fuel with 500 ppm sulfur (maximum) and higher volatility than that provided by Grade No. 2-D S500 fuel.2

    1.1.3 Grade No. 1-D S5000—A special-purpose, light middle distillate fuel for use in diesel engine applications requiring a fuel with 5000 ppm sulfur (maximum) and higher volatility than that provided by Grade No. 2-D S5000 fuels.

    1.1.4 Grade No. 2-D S15—A general purpose, middle distillate fuel for use in diesel engine applications requiring a fuel with 15 ppm sulfur (maximum). It is especially suitable for use in applications with conditions of varying speed and load.2

    1.1.5 Grade No. 2-D S500—A general-purpose, middle distillate fuel for use in diesel engine applications requiring a fuel with 500 ppm sulfur (maximum). It is especially suitable for use in applications with conditions of varying speed and load.2

    1.1.6 Grade No. 2-D S5000—A general-purpose, middle distillate fuel for use in diesel engine applications requiring a fuel with 5000 ppm sulfur (maximum), especially in conditions of varying speed and load.

    1.1.7 Grade No. 4-D—A heavy distillate fuel, or a blend of distillate and residual oil, for use in low- and medium-speed diesel engines in applications involving predominantly constant speed and load.

    Note 1A more detailed description of the grades of diesel fuel oils is given in X1.2.
    Note 2The Sxxx designation has been adopted to distinguish grades by sulfur rather than using words such as “Low Sulfur” as previously because the number of sulfur grades is growing and the word descriptions were thought to be not precise. S5000 grades correspond to the so-called “regular” sulfur grades, the previous No. 1-D and No. 2-D. S500 grades correspond to the previous “Low Sulfur” grades. S15 grades were not in the previous grade system and are commonly referred to as “Ultra-Low Sulfur” grades or ULSD.

    1.2 This specification, unless otherwise provided by agreement between the purchaser and the supplier, prescribes the required properties of diesel fuels at the time and place of delivery.

    1.2.1 Nothing in this specification shall preclude observance of federal, state, or local regulations which can be more restrictive.

    Note 3The generation and dissipation of static electricity can create problems in the handling of distillate diesel fuel oils. For more information on the subject, see Guide D4865.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D56 Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester

    D86 Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    D93 Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    D129 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (General High Pressure Decomposition Device Method)

    D130 Test Method for Corrosiveness to Copper from Petroleum Products by Copper Strip Test

    D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)

    D482 Test Method for Ash from Petroleum Products

    D524 Test Method for Ramsbottom Carbon Residue of Petroleum Products

    D613 Test Method for Cetane Number of Diesel Fuel Oil

    D1266 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (Lamp Method)

    D1319 Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption

    D1552 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (High-Temperature Method)

    D1796 Test Method for Water and Sediment in Fuel Oils by the Centrifuge Method (Laboratory Procedure)

    D2274 Test Method for Oxidation Stability of Distillate Fuel Oil (Accelerated Method)

    D2500 Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products

    D2622 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D2624 Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity of Aviation and Distillate Fuels

    D2709 Test Method for Water and Sediment in Middle Distillate Fuels by Centrifuge

    D2880 Specification for Gas Turbine Fuel Oils

    D2887 Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography

    D3117 Test Method for Wax Appearance Point of Distillate Fuels

    D3120 Test Method for Trace Quantities of Sulfur in Light Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Oxidative Microcoulometry

    D3828 Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester

    D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4294 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D4306 Practice for Aviation Fuel Sample Containers for Tests Affected by Trace Contamination

    D4308 Test Method for Electrical Conductivity of Liquid Hydrocarbons by Precision Meter

    D4539 Test Method for Filterability of Diesel Fuels by Low-Temperature Flow Test (LTFT)

    D4737 Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable Equation

    D4865 Guide for Generation and Dissipation of Static Electricity in Petroleum Fuel Systems

    D5304 Test Method for Assessing Middle Distillate Fuel Storage Stability by Oxygen Overpressure

    D5453 Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Spark Ignition Engine Fuel, Diesel Engine Fuel, and Engine Oil by Ultraviolet Fluorescence

    D5771 Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products (Optical Detection Stepped Cooling Method)

    D5772 Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products (Linear Cooling Rate Method)

    D5773 Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products (Constant Cooling Rate Method)

    D5842 Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement

    D5854 Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D6078 Test Method for Evaluating Lubricity of Diesel Fuels by the Scuffing Load Ball-on-Cylinder Lubricity Evaluator (SLBOCLE)

    D6079 Test Method for Evaluating Lubricity of Diesel Fuels by the High-Frequency Reciprocating Rig (HFRR)

    D6217 Test Method for Particulate Contamination in Middle Distillate Fuels by Laboratory Filtration

    D6371 Test Method for Cold Filter Plugging Point of Diesel and Heating Fuels

    D6468 Test Method for High Temperature Stability of Middle Distillate Fuels

    D6469 Guide for Microbial Contamination in Fuels and Fuel Systems

    D6751 Specification for Biodiesel Fuel Blend Stock (B100) for Middle Distillate Fuels

    D6890 Test Method for Determination of Ignition Delay and Derived Cetane Number (DCN) of Diesel Fuel Oils by Combustion in a Constant Volume Chamber

    D6898 Test Method for Evaluating Diesel Fuel Lubricity by an Injection Pump Rig

    D7039 Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline, Diesel Fuel, Jet Fuel, Kerosine, Biodiesel, Biodiesel Blends, and Gasoline-Ethanol Blends by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D7042 Test Method for Dynamic Viscosity and Density of Liquids by Stabinger Viscometer (and the Calculation of Kinematic Viscosity)

    D7094 Test Method for Flash Point by Modified Continuously Closed Cup (MCCCFP) Tester

    D7170 Test Method for Determination of Derived Cetane Number (DCN) of Diesel Fuel Oils--Fixed Range Injection Period, Constant Volume Combustion Chamber Method

    D7220 Test Method for Sulfur in Automotive, Heating, and Jet Fuels by Monochromatic Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D7345 Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure (Micro Distillation Method)

    D7371 Test Method for Determination of Biodiesel (Fatty Acid Methyl Esters) Content in Diesel Fuel Oil Using Mid Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR-ATR-PLS Method)

    D7467 Specification for Diesel Fuel Oil, Biodiesel Blend (B6 to B20)

    D7619 Test Method for Sizing and Counting Particles in Light and Middle Distillate Fuels, by Automatic Particle Counter

    D7688 Test Method for Evaluating Lubricity of Diesel Fuels by the High-Frequency Reciprocating Rig (HFRR) by Visual Observation

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    Other Documents

    26CFRPart48 Manufacturers and Realtors Excise Taxes Available from U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, 732 N. Capitol St., NW, Mail Stop: SDE, Washington, DC 20401.

    40CFRPart80 Regulation of Fuels and Fuel Additives

    APIRP2003 Protection Against Ignitions Arising Out of Static, Lightning, and Stray Currents Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org.

    EN14078 Liquid petroleum products - Determination of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) in middle distillates - Infrared spectroscopy method Available from the National CEN members listed on the CEN website (www.cenorm.be) or from the CEN/TC 19 Secretariat (astm.@nen.nl).


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)

    DOI: 10.1520/D0975

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    ASTM D975

    Citing ASTM Standards
    Back to Top