ASTM D887 - 13

    Standard Practices for Sampling Water-Formed Deposits

    Active Standard ASTM D887 | Developed by Subcommittee: D19.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.02


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 The goal of sampling is to obtain for analysis a portion of the whole that is representative. The most critical factors are the selection of sampling areas and number of samples, the method used for sampling, and the maintenance of the integrity of the sample prior to analysis. Analysis of water-formed deposits should give valuable information concerning cycle system chemistry, component corrosion, erosion, the failure mechanism, the need for chemical cleaning, the method of chemical cleaning, localized cycle corrosion, boiler carryover, flow patterns in a turbine, and the rate of radiation build-up. Some sources of water-formed deposits are cycle corrosion products, make-up water contaminants, and condenser cooling water contaminants.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These practices cover the sampling of water-formed deposits for chemical, physical, biological, or radiological analysis. The practices cover both field and laboratory sampling. It also defines the various types of deposits. The following practices are included:

     

    Sections

    Practice A—Sampling Water-Formed Deposits From Tubing
     of Steam Generators and Heat Exchangers

    8 to 10

    Practice B—Sampling Water-Formed Deposits From Steam
     Turbines

    11 to 14


    1.2 The general procedures of selection and removal of deposits given here can be applied to a variety of surfaces that are subject to water-formed deposits. However, the investigator must resort to his individual experience and judgment in applying these procedures to his specific problem.

    1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. See Section 7, 9.8, 9.8.4.6, and 9.14 for specific hazards statements.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D512 Test Methods for Chloride Ion In Water

    D934 Practices for Identification of Crystalline Compounds in Water-Formed Deposits By X-Ray Diffraction

    D1129 Terminology Relating to Water

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D1245 Practice for Examination of Water-Formed Deposits by Chemical Microscopy

    D1293 Test Methods for pH of Water

    D2331 Practices for Preparation and Preliminary Testing of Water-Formed Deposits

    D2332 Practice for Analysis of Water-Formed Deposits by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence

    D3483 Test Methods for Accumulated Deposition in a Steam Generator Tube

    D4412 Test Methods for Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria in Water and Water-Formed Deposits


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.060.30 (Sewage water)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 41104000(Sampling equipment)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D0887-13

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D887-13, Standard Practices for Sampling Water-Formed Deposits, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2013, www.astm.org

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