ASTM D878 - 01(2006)

    Standard Test Method for Inorganic Chlorides and Sulfates in Insulating Oils

    Active Standard ASTM D878 | Developed by Subcommittee: D27.06

    Book of Standards Volume: 10.03

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    Significance and Use

    The presence of inorganic chlorides and sulfates in oil in contact with metal surfaces in electrical equipment can result in corrosion of transformer components. The deterioration of metal surfaces is dependent upon the quantity of the corrosive agent and the operating environment. Although not quantitative, this test method is a means for recognizing the potential for such a hazard.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method describes the qualitative determination of inorganic chlorides and sulfates in electrical insulating oils. Note 1 - It should be pointed out that if the strong acids, hydrochloric and sulfuric, are present, they will give positive results for chlorides and sulfates, respectively.

    This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 29.040.10 (Insulating oils)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15121505(Transformer oil or insulating oil)

    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D0878-01R06

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D878-01(2006), Standard Test Method for Inorganic Chlorides and Sulfates in Insulating Oils, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2006,

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