ASTM D873 - 12

    Standard Test Method for Oxidation Stability of Aviation Fuels (Potential Residue Method)

    Active Standard ASTM D873 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.14

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.01


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 The results (of these tests) can be used to indicate storage stability of these fuels. The tendency of fuels to form gum and deposits in these tests has not been correlated with field performance (and can vary markedly) with the formation of gum and deposits under different storage conditions.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method2 covers the determination of the tendency of aviation reciprocating, turbine, and jet engine fuels to form gum and deposits under accelerated aging conditions. (Warning—This test method is not intended for determining the stability of fuel components, particularly those with a high percentage of low boiling unsaturated compounds, as these may cause explosive conditions within the apparatus.)

    Note 1For the measurement of the oxidation stability (induction period) of motor gasoline, refer to Test Method D525.

    1.2 The accepted SI unit of pressure is the kilo pascal (kPa); the accepted SI unit of temperature is °C.

    1.3 WARNING—Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous material that can cause central nervous system, kidney and liver damage. Mercury, or its vapor, may be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Caution should be taken when handling mercury and mercury containing products. See the applicable product Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for details and EPA’s website—http://www.epa.gov/mercury/faq.htm—for additional information. Users should be aware that selling mercury and/or mercury containing products into your state or country may be prohibited by law.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D381 Test Method for Gum Content in Fuels by Jet Evaporation

    D525 Test Method for Oxidation Stability of Gasoline (Induction Period Method)

    D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D5452 Test Method for Particulate Contamination in Aviation Fuels by Laboratory Filtration

    E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15101504(Aviation fuel)


    DOI: 10.1520/D0873-12

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