Active Standard ASTM D858 | Developed by Subcommittee: D19.05
Book of Standards Volume: 11.01
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
4.1 Elemental constituents in potable water, receiving water, and wastewater need to be identified for support of effective pollution control programs. Test Methods A, B, and C provide the techniques necessary to make such measurements.
4.2 Although inhaled manganese dusts have been reported to be toxic to humans, manganese normally is ingested as a trace nutrient in both food and water. Because it is considered to be relatively nontoxic to man, as well as aquatic life, a limit of 50 μg/L has been established in the EPA National Secondary Drinking Water Regulations. This limit is based primarily on its ability to stain laundry and produce objectionable tastes in beverages.
4.3 Manganese does not occur naturally as a metal but is found in various salts and minerals, frequently in association with iron compounds. Manganese is not mined in the United States except when manganese is contained in iron ores that are deliberately used to form ferro-manganese alloys. Manganese salts are used as fertilizer additives and are commonly found in surface and ground waters.
1.2 Test Methods A, B, and C were used successfully on reagent grade and natural waters. Other matrices used in the study were brine (Test Method B), effluent from a wood treatment plant, and condensate from a medium BTU coal gasification process (Test Method C). It is the user's responsibility to ensure the validity of a test method for waters of untested matrices.
1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are mathematical conversions and may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see 11.7, 20.2, 20.9, and 22.10.
1.5 Former Test Method A (Colorimetric) was discontinued. For historical information, see Appendix X1.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1066 Practice for Sampling Steam
D1068 Test Methods for Iron in Water
D1129 Terminology Relating to Water
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D1687 Test Methods for Chromium in Water
D1688 Test Methods for Copper in Water
D1691 Test Methods for Zinc in Water
D1886 Test Methods for Nickel in Water
D2777 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water
D3370 Practices for Sampling Water from Closed Conduits
D3557 Test Methods for Cadmium in Water
D3558 Test Methods for Cobalt in Water
D3559 Test Methods for Lead in Water
D3919 Practice for Measuring Trace Elements in Water by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
D4841 Practice for Estimation of Holding Time for Water Samples Containing Organic and Inorganic Constituents
D5810 Guide for Spiking into Aqueous Samples
D5847 Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Water Analysis
ICS Number Code 13.060.50 (Examination of water for chemical substances)