ASTM D8020 - 15

    Standard Test Method for Freeze-Thaw Viscosity Stability of Water-Based Inks and Ink Vehicles

    Active Standard ASTM D8020 | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.37

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.03


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 When waterborne inks and ink vehicles are shipped during cold weather, these materials may experience cycles of freezing and thawing. This can damage the material rendering it unusable.

    4.2 Cycles of freezing and thawing can cause more damage to waterborne inks or ink vehicles than when the inks or ink vehicles are subjected to steady freezing.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers a procedure for evaluating the effect of freeze-thaw cycling on the properties of water-based inks and ink vehicles.

    1.2 This test is based on a similar standard test for coatings; Test Method D2243.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D2196 Test Methods for Rheological Properties of Non-Newtonian Materials by Rotational Viscometer

    D2243 Test Method for Freeze-Thaw Resistance of Water-Borne Coatings

    D4212 Test Method for Viscosity by Dip-Type Viscosity Cups

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method


    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12171703(Inks)


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D8020-15

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    Citation Format

    ASTM D8020-15, Standard Test Method for Freeze-Thaw Viscosity Stability of Water-Based Inks and Ink Vehicles, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015, www.astm.org

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