ASTM D8011 - 16

    Standard Specification for Natural Gasoline as a Blendstock in Ethanol Fuel Blends or as a Denaturant for Fuel Ethanol

    Active Standard ASTM D8011 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.A0

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.04


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers natural gasoline to be used as a hydrocarbon blendstock in ethanol fuel blends for flexible-fuel automotive spark-ignition engines (Specification D5798). In the United States, these blends are referred to commercially as Ethanol Flex Fuel.

    1.2 This specification also covers natural gasoline to be used as a denaturant in denatured fuel ethanol for blending with gasolines for use as automotive spark-ignition engine fuel (Specification D4806).

    1.3 Specific regulatory requirements for the intended uses from various jurisdictions are given in appendixes for information.

    1.4 This specification is not intended to provide a market specification nor a regulatory reference for natural gasoline for any use other than as a hydrocarbon blendstock in ethanol fuel blends or as a denaturant in denatured fuel ethanol.

    1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.

    1.5.1 Exception—Values given in parentheses are provided for information only.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D86 Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure

    D287 Test Method for API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products (Hydrometer Method)

    D381 Test Method for Gum Content in Fuels by Jet Evaporation

    D1266 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (Lamp Method)

    D2622 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D3120 Test Method for Trace Quantities of Sulfur in Light Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Oxidative Microcoulometry

    D4052 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter

    D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4175 Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants

    D4176 Test Method for Free Water and Particulate Contamination in Distillate Fuels (Visual Inspection Procedures)

    D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4306 Practice for Aviation Fuel Sample Containers for Tests Affected by Trace Contamination

    D4806 Specification for Denatured Fuel Ethanol for Blending with Gasolines for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel

    D4814 Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel

    D4953 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Gasoline and Gasoline-Oxygenate Blends (Dry Method)

    D5191 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Mini Method)

    D5453 Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Spark Ignition Engine Fuel, Diesel Engine Fuel, and Engine Oil by Ultraviolet Fluorescence

    D5482 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Mini Method--Atmospheric)

    D5580 Test Method for Determination of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, p/m-Xylene, o-Xylene, C9 and Heavier Aromatics, and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas Chromatography

    D5798 Specification for Ethanol Fuel Blends for Flexible-Fuel Automotive Spark-Ignition Engines

    D5842 Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement

    D5854 Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D6378 Test Method for Determination of Vapor Pressure (VPX) of Petroleum Products, Hydrocarbons, and Hydrocarbon-Oxygenate Mixtures (Triple Expansion Method)

    D6469 Guide for Microbial Contamination in Fuels and Fuel Systems

    D6550 Test Method for Determination of Olefin Content of Gasolines by Supercritical-Fluid Chromatography

    D6730 Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100-Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography

    D6920 Test Method for Total Sulfur in Naphthas, Distillates, Reformulated Gasolines, Diesels, Biodiesels, and Motor Fuels by Oxidative Combustion and Electrochemical Detection

    D7039 Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline, Diesel Fuel, Jet Fuel, Kerosine, Biodiesel, Biodiesel Blends, and Gasoline-Ethanol Blends by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D7096 Test Method for Determination of the Boiling Range Distribution of Gasoline by Wide-Bore Capillary Gas Chromatography

    D7220 Test Method for Sulfur in Automotive, Heating, and Jet Fuels by Monochromatic Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D7347 Test Method for Determination of Olefin Content in Denatured Ethanol by Supercritical Fluid Chromatography

    D7576 Test Method for Determination of Benzene and Total Aromatics in Denatured Fuel Ethanol by Gas Chromatography

    D7667 Test Method for Determination of Corrosiveness to Silver by Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine FuelThin Silver Strip Method

    D7671 Test Method for Corrosiveness to Silver by Automotive SparkIgnition Engine FuelSilver Strip Method

    D7757 Test Method for Silicon in Gasoline and Related Products by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    Canadian National Standards

    CAN/CGSB 3.0 No. 60.32 Standard Test Method for the Determination of Corrosiveness to Silver of Gasoline, Middle Distillate Fuels and Oxygenated Fuels using Silver Wool: Rapid Ultrasonic Method

    CAN/CGSB-3.512 Automotive Ethanol Fuel (E50-E85)

    CAN/CGSB 3.516 Denatured Fuel Ethanol for Use in Automotive Spark Ignition Fuels


    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15101506(Gasoline or Petrol)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
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    DOI: 10.1520/D8011-16

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    Citation Format

    ASTM D8011-16, Standard Specification for Natural Gasoline as a Blendstock in Ethanol Fuel Blends or as a Denaturant for Fuel Ethanol, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.org

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