ASTM D800 - 05(2014)

    Standard Test Methods of Chemical Analysis of Industrial Metal Cleaning Compositions

    Active Standard ASTM D800 | Developed by Subcommittee: D12.12

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.04


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    Abstract

    These test methods describe the procedures for the chemical analysis of industrial metal cleaning compositions in solid, paste, or liquid form. These cleaning compositions may contain caustic alkalies, silicates, phosphates, chromates, carbonates, bicarbonates, borates, sulfates, sulfites, nitrates, chlorides, soaps, rosin, sulfonated wetting agents, anti-foaming agents, organic bases, organic solvents, organic coupling agents, and sometimes inorganic acid salts or organic acids. Percentage of total sodium oxide, percentage of potassium oxide, percentage of free sodium hydroxide, percentage of water, percentage of losses, percentage of matter insoluble in alcohol, percentage of fatty acids, percentage of rosin, percentage of synthetic detergent or wetting agent, percentage of silica, percentage of phosphorus pentoxide, percentage of carbon dioxide, percentage of sodium chloride, percentage of sodium sulfate, and percentage of volatile hydrocarbons test methods shall be performed to conform with the specified requirements.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods describe the procedures for the chemical analysis of industrial metal cleaning compositions in solid, paste, or liquid form. These cleaning compositions may contain caustic alkalies, silicates, phosphates, chromates, carbonates, bicarbonates, borates, sulfates, sulfites, nitrates, chlorides, soaps, rosin, sulfonated wetting agents, anti-foaming agents, organic bases, organic solvents, organic coupling agents, and sometimes inorganic acid salts or organic acids. Occasionally, such cleaning compositions may contain sulfonated oils; in such cases, reference should be made to Method D500. The examination under a low power microscope or magnifying glass, supplemented by a few qualitative tests, will often indicate the number of components and their identity.

    1.2 The analytical methods appear in the following order:

     

    Section

     

    Preparation of Sample

    4

    Total Alkalinity as Na2O

    5 – 8

    Total Fatty Acids (and Rosin)

    9 and 10

    Na2O Combined with Fatty Acids (and Rosin)

    11 and 12

    Anhydrous Soap

    13

    —Rosin (McNicoll Test Method):

     

     Qualitative

    14 and 15

     Quantitative

    16 – 19

    Total Silica Calculated as SiO2

    20 – 23

    Phosphates:

     

     Qualitative

    24 and 25

     Quantitative

    26 – 18

    Combined Sodium and Potassium Oxides

    34 – 37

    Chlorides

    38 – 40

    Sulfates

    41 – 43

    Water, Distillation Test Method

    44 – 47

    Carbon Dioxide by Evolution-Absorption Test Method

    48 – 52

    Loss at 105°C

    53 and 54

    Total Matter Insoluble in Alcohol

    55 – 57

    Free Alkali

    58 – 60

    Synthetic Detergent or Wetting Agent

    61 and 62

    Volatile Hydrocarbons

    63 – 67

    Loss on Ignition

    68 and 69

    Report

    70 and 71


    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Material Safety Data Sheets are available for reagents and materials. Review them for hazards prior to usage. See 6.1 for a specific hazards statement.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D500 Test Methods of Chemical Analysis of Sulfonated and Sulfated Oils

    D841 Specification for Nitration Grade Toluene

    D843 Specification for Nitration Grade Xylene

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.100.40 (Surface active agents)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/D0800

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