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    ASTM D7875 - 14

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Butanol and Acetone Content of Butanol for Blending with Gasoline by Gas Chromatography

    Active Standard ASTM D7875 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.04.0L

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.05


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Butanol is being approved for blending with gasoline in accordance with Specification D7862. This test method provides a method of determining the percentage of butanol (purity) of the butanol for blending with gasoline.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the butanol content of butanol for blending with gasoline by gas chromatography.

    1.2 Butanol is determined from 95 % to 99.9 % by mass, acetone is determined from 0.02 % to 1.5 % by mass, ethanol is determined from 0.02 % to 1.5 % by mass, and methanol is determined from 0.02 % to 1.5 % by mass. Equations used to convert these individual components from mass percent to volume percent are provided.

    1.3 This test method identifies and quantifies acetone, ethanol, and methanol, but does not purport to identify all individual components that may be present in butanol for gasoline blending.

    1.4 Water cannot be determined by this test method and shall be measured by a procedure such as Test Method D1364 and the result used to correct the chromatographic values.

    1.5 This test method is inappropriate for impurities that boil at temperatures higher than 225 °C or for impurities that cause poor or no response in a flame ionization detector, such as water.

    1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1298 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method

    D1364 Test Method for Water in Volatile Solvents (Karl Fischer Reagent Titration Method)

    D4052 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter

    D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4307 Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards

    D4626 Practice for Calculation of Gas Chromatographic Response Factors

    D4806 Specification for Denatured Fuel Ethanol for Blending with Gasolines for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel

    D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance

    D6300 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants

    D7862 Specification for Butanol for Blending with Gasoline for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel

    E355 Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships

    E594 Practice for Testing Flame Ionization Detectors Used in Gas or Supercritical Fluid Chromatography

    E1064 Test Method for Water in Organic Liquids by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D7875-14

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    Citation Format

    ASTM D7875-14, Standard Test Method for Determination of Butanol and Acetone Content of Butanol for Blending with Gasoline by Gas Chromatography, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.org

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