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Significance and Use
5.1 The reported values of convective heat transfer coefficients are somewhat dependent upon measurement technique and it is therefore the purpose of this guide to focus on methods to provide accurate measures of heat transfer and precise methods of reporting. The benefit of developing such a guide is to provide a well understood basis by which heat transfer performance of fluids may be accurately compared and reported.
5.2 For comparison of heat transfer performance of heat transfer fluids, measurement methods and test apparatus should be identical, but in reality heat transfer rigs show differences from rig to rig. Therefore, methods discussed in the guide are generally restricted to the use of heated tubes that have wall temperatures higher than the bulk fluid temperature and with turbulent flow conditions.
5.3 Similar test methods are found in the technical literature, however it is generally left to the user to report results in a format of their choosing and therefore direct comparisons of results can be challenging.
1.1 This guide covers general information, without specific limits, for selecting methods for evaluating the heating and cooling performance of liquids used to transfer heat where forced convection is the primary mode for heat transfer. Further, methods of comparison are presented to effectively and easily distinguish performance characteristics of the heat transfer fluids.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
D1298 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
D2270 Practice for Calculating Viscosity Index from Kinematic Viscosity at 40 and 100C
D2717 Test Method for Thermal Conductivity of Liquids
D2766 Test Method for Specific Heat of Liquids and Solids
D2879 Test Method for Vapor Pressure-Temperature Relationship and Initial Decomposition Temperature of Liquids by Isoteniscope
D2887 Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
D4530 Test Method for Determination of Carbon Residue (Micro Method)
D6743 Test Method for Thermal Stability of Organic Heat Transfer Fluids
E659 Test Method for Autoignition Temperature of Liquid Chemicals
ICS Number Code 27.200 (Refrigerating technology); 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)
UNSPSC Code 15121530(Heat transfer oil or fluid)
ASTM D7863-13, Standard Guide for Evaluation of Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient of Liquids, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2013, www.astm.orgBack to Top